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Chapter 6

physical fitness the ability of the body to perform daily physical activities without getting out of breath, sore, or overly tired
chronic disease a disease that develops gradually and continues over a long period of time
health-related fitness fitness qualities that are necessary to maintain and promote a healthy body
resting heart rate (RHR) the number of times the heart beats per minute while at rest
target heart rate zone a heart rate range within which the most gains in cardiorespiratory health will occur
FITT a formula made up of four important parts involved in fitness training: frequency, intensity, time, and type of exercise
repetitions the number of times an exercise is performed
set a fixed number of repetitions followed by a rest period
dehydratioin a state in which the body has lost more water than has been taken in
overtraining a condition that occurs as a result of exceeding the recommendations of the FITT formula
dietary supplement any product that is taken by mouth that can contain a dietary ingredient and is also labeled as a dietary supplement
anabolic steroid a synthetic version of the male hormone testosterone used for promoting muscle development
sleep deprivation a lack of sleep
circadian rhythm the body's internal system for regulating sleeping and waking patterns
insomnia an inability to sleep, even if one is physically exhausted
sleep apnea a sleeping disorder characterized by interruptions of normal breathing patterns during sleep
muscular strength the amount of force that a muscle can apply in a given contraction
muscular endurance the ability of the muscles to keep working (contract) over a period of time
cardiorespiratory endurance the ability of your heart, blood vessels, lungs and blood to deliver oxygen and nutrients to all of your body's cells while you are being physically active
Flexibility the ability of the joints to move through their full range of motion
Body Composition the ratio of lean body tissue (muscle and bone) to body-fat tissue
RICE principle applied as first aid when an injury occurs as well as during injury recovery: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
REM sleep (Rapid Eye Movement) the portion of the sleep cycle called dream sleep
Created by: mcoddington