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Integumentary System


Epithelial membrane composed of epithelial tissue and an underlying layer of specialized connective tissue
Connective tissue membrane, or Glossary synovial membrane, example of connective tissue membrane, and it is found lining the spaces between joints and bones.
serous membrane only on surfaces within closed cavities
lamina propria located in underlying mucous membrane
membranes Thin, sheetlike structures that cover and protect the body surface
two major types of body membranes epithelial, connective tissue
peritonitis Inflammation of the serous membrane in the abdominal cavity
parietal pleura serous membrane that lines the thoracic cavity
mucous membrane Epithelial membranes that line body surfaces opening directly to the exterior
keratin tough, waterproof material that protects the outer layer of the skin
melanin The basic determinant of skin color
synovial membranes function line joint capsules, secretes lubricant fluid, line small sacs(bursae)
dermal papillae upper region of the dermis is characterized by parallel rows of tiny bumps
lanugo hair of a newborn infant is soft and fine
Sweat glands Classification eccrine, apocrine
functions of the skin protection, sense organ activities, temperature regulation, excreation
sebum secretion from hair follicles that helps lubricate the hair and skin
subcutaneous Tissue (hypodermis) function insulation of extreme temperature, source of stored energy, shock absorber for underlying tissue
Superficial fascia name for hypodermis by Anatomists
arrector pilli structure that causes "Goose pimples”
Epidermis, Dermis skin layers of tissue
stratum germinativum tough keratinized layer of the skin
eccrine sweat glands most numerous, important, widespread in the body
apocrine sweat glands found under armpit (axilla) and pigmented skin areas around genitals.
serous membrane structure 2 layers, simple squamous epithelium, connective tissue layer, gluelike basement membrane
cutaneous membrane (skin) has superficial layer of epithelial cells and underlying layer of supportive connective tissue
pleura serous membrane for thoracic cavity
peritoneum serous membrane for abdominal cavity
parietal layer forms lining of body cavity
visceral layer covers the organs found in cavities
epidermis skin structure thin sheet of stratified squamous epithelium
dermis deeper layer; largely connective tissue
pigment layer stratum germinativum, pigment production Melanin, melanocytes
Nails structure Nail bed, nail body, cuticle, Lunula, free edge
vitiligo patchy areas of light skin, loss of epidermal melanocytes
reticular layer deeper area of dermis, filled with a dense network of interlacing fibers,
subcutaneous tissue hypodermis; not layer of skin, loose fibrous and adipose tissue.
birthmarks (pigmented) developmental malformation of dermal blood
birthmark type strawberry hemangioma, port-wine stain, stork bite.
hair follicle epidermal tubelike structure , required for hair growth
hair papilla hair growth starts here
hair root hidden in follicle
shaft visible part of hair
Fingerprint Dermal papillae
Follicle Hair
Tinea fungal infection
Little moon Lunula
Keratin waterproofing
Sebaceous glands secrete oil or sebum, for hair and skin
Pleura Epithelial membrane
Perspiration Sudoriferous sweat glands
common type of skin cancer squamous cell carcinoma, Basal carcinoma, Melanoma
squamous cell carcinoma most common; characterized by hard, raised tumors
Basal carcinoma characterized by papuls with a central crater; rarely spreads
Melanoma malignacy in a nevus, mole most serious skin cancer
lamina propria fibrous connective tissue beneath the epithelium in mucous membrane
arrator pili goose bumps
Stratum corneum also known as outer epidermis. Tough keratinized
dermal papillae upper dermis layer Finger prints
Epidermis layer stratum basale; Spinosum; Granulosum; Lucidum
Stratum Basale also Stratum germinativum; growth layer
Stratum granulosum Epidermis granular layer
Stratum lucidum Epidermis clear layer
Stratum corneum referred to as the "barrier area" and is the most superficial layer of epidermis)
superficial being at, on, or near the surface:
papillary layer forms bumps, called Dermal papillae, that project into the epidermis
reticular layer contains dense, interlacing collagenous and elastic fibers that make the skin tough, yet stretchable.
Sudoriferous Perspiration
Dermis & epidermis mayor layer of skin
where to find Keratin at skin outer layer
Acne, scab, warts, non genital herpes vesicles elevated Lesion
freckle, vitiligo, flat lesion
striae, bedsore, athlete foot, scratch depressed lesion
Birthmark malformation of dermal blood vessels
Scleroderma hard skin
urticaria another name for hives
Synovial membrane type of connective tissue membrane
Serous membrane found in closed body cavities
parietal layer lines the walls of body cavities, much like wallpaper.
visceral layer covers the surfaces of organs found in body cavities.
Created by: ptenz