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Ch 56

Surgical supplies and instruments

The collection of pus under the skin or deep within the body that cause tissue destruction. Abscesses
A rigid tube that can be inserted into the body; often for deliver or removal of fluid for data gathering Cannula
The act of scraping a boy cavity with a surgical instrument Curettage (curette)
The opening or widening of the circumference of a body orifice with dilating instrument. Dilation
To cut or separate tissue with a cutting instrument or scissors Dissect
A sheet or band of fibrous tissue deep in the skin that covers muscles and boy organs Fascia
A recess in the upper part of the vagina caused by the protrusion of the cervix into the vaginal wall Fornix
A metal rod with a smooth, rounded tip that is placed in hollow instruments to reduce injury to body tissues during insertion. Obturator
Open condition of a body cavity or canal Patency
A metal probe that is inserted into or passed through a catheter, needle, or tube used for clearing purposes or to facilitate passage into a body orifice. Stylus
Rubber drains placed in a wound at the end of a surgical procedure to drain excess fluid Wound drains (Penrose drains)
Squares or strops saturated with petroleum jelly or petrolatum- used to pack wounds Sterilized gauze
1/4 in to 2 in wide and impregnated with iodoform iodine- used to pack abscesses to act as a wick to draw out the infection; also used as a local antibacterial agent Sterilized iodoform gauze strips
used to absorb blood and protect tissues during surgery Surgical sponges
Used to inject local anesthetics and irrigate wounds Syringes and needles
must be cleansed with an antiseptic preparation to reduce the number of pathogens Surgical sites
Ethyl chloride is highly flammable, it should never be used with/ Electrical cauterizing equipment
local anesthetics are injected into the? Subcutaneous tissue
Same suffix -caine, most frequently used lidocaine (xylocaine) Nesacaine and Sensorcaine Local Anesthetics
Pt who find injection of anesthetics painful or traumatic may? Spray with tropical anesthetic
Local anesthetics act with? 5 to 15 minutes
Anesthesia usually last from? 1 to 3 hours
Epinephrine causes vasoconstriction
AgNO3 Silver nitrate
Allows the suture to be cut and removed without trauma to the wound hooked shape instrument
has a flat, blunt tip that can slide under the bandage without damaging the skin Bandage scissors
used to withdraw fluids from cavities or for draining and irrigation with a catheter a Trocar
used to find foreign bodies embedded in dermal tissue or muscle or trace a wound tract A probe
used to lock an instrument into position Ratchets
long slender tips are used during nose or ear procedures Bayonet forceps
has a narrow tip for picking up material Splinter forceps
used to drape the patient (sharp clamps on a towel) Towel forceps
valves that are used to spread open tissue for visualization Specula
used to clap small vessels or hold tissue Hemostat
Used to grasp a suture needle Needle holders
Has a fine tip for foreign object retrieval Splinter forceps
used to insert packing into or remove objects from deep cavities Plain thumb forceps (dressing)
used to grasp tissue muscle or skin surrounding a wound Allis tissue forceps
used to hold gauze squares to sponge the surgical site Forester sponge forceps
used to arrange items on a sterile tray Transfer forceps
have a grooved tip that can slide under the suture material without traumatizing the wound Suture removal scissors
strong and has a high degree of elasticity Nylon suture
1.Bandage scissors 2.Operating (surgical) scissors 3.Littauer stitch or suture scissors 4. Disposable scalpels Cutting and Dissecting
1. Hemostat forceps 2.Needle holders 3.Splinter forceps 4.Adson forceps 5. Palin thumb (dressing) forceps Grasping and clamping
Senn retractor Retractors
1.probes 2.Trocars and obturators 3.Specula 4.Nasal specula Probes and Dilators
1. forester sponge forceps 2.placenta forceps 3.Bozeman Uterine dressing forceps 4.Endo cervical curette 5.Sims uterine curette 6.Schroeder uterine tenaculum 7. long allis forceps 8. Schroeder uterine tenaculum forceps Gynecologic instrument's
Created by: chass