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chabner Ch 2

Anabolism building large proteins from small pieces
Catabolism breaking down complex foods into simpler substances and energy is released
Cell membrane surrounds, protects and regulates substances in/out of cell
Chromosomes rod-like structures in nucleus, contain genes
Cytoplasm all material outside of the nucleus and contained by the membrane
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid; regulates activities of the cell
genes fundamental unit of heredity
Karyotype photograph of individual's chromosomes
Mitochondria small, sausage-shaped bodies in cell that provide principal source of energy
Nucleus control center of the cell
Adipose tissue collection of fat cells
Cartilage flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints
Epithelial cells skin cells that cover the outside of the body and line internal surfaces of the organs
Histologist specializes in the study of tissues
Larynx voice box
Pharynx throat
Ureter a tube leading from a kidney to the urinary bladder
Urethra tube leading from urinary bladder to the outside of the body
Viscera internal organs
Diaphragm muscle that separates abdominal and thoracic cavities; aids in breathing
Mediastinum centrally located space outside of and between the lungs
Peritoneum double folded membrane surrounding abdominal cavity
Pleura double folded membrane around each lung
Ventral (anterior) front
Dorsal (posterior) back
Spinal column bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
Spinal cord nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
disk (disc) pad of cartilage between vertebrae
Deep away from the surface
Distal far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of the structure
Inferior (caudal) below another structure
Lateral pertaining to the side
Medial pertaining to the middle or near medial plane
Prone lying on the belly
Proximal near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
Sagittal (lateral) plane vertical plane dividing the body into right and left sides
Superficial on the surface
Superior (cephalic) above another structure; pertaining to the head
Supine lying on the back
Transverse (axial) plane horizontal plane dividing body into upper and lower portions
Frontal (coronal) plane vertical plane dividing body into anterior and posterior portions
abdomin/o abdomen
adip/o fat
anter/o front
bol/o to cast
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage
chrom/o color
coccyg/o coccyx
crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
dist/o far, distant
dors/o back portion of the body
hist/o tissue
ili/o ilium
inguin/o groin
kary/o nucleus
later/o side
lumb/o lower back
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/i pelvis, hip region
poster/o back, behind
proxim/o nearest
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh
spin/o spine, backbone
thel/o nipple
theli/o nipple
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea, wind pipe
umbilic/o navel, umbilicus
ventr/o belly side of the body
vertebr/o vertebra(e), backbone(s)
viscer/o internal organs
ana- up
cata- down
epi- above
hypo- below
inter- between
meta- change
-ose pertaining to, full of
-plasm formation
-somes bodies
-type picture, classification
Created by: jodifrank