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A & P

GI Disorders

Ankyloglossia "Tongue Tied" When your frenulum is too short
Dental Carries Tooth Decay
Glossodynia painful tongue
Eructation Belching/burping
Aphagia Not eating (inability to swallow)
Dysphagia Difficult eating
Anorxia Lack of appetite
Hematemesis Blood in the emesis
Vomiting reverse peristalsis
Bulemia extreme appetite, leading to excessive eating, followed by vomiting
Dyspepsia indigestion
Pyrosis heartburn
borborygmus growling noises, stomach/intestines/ bowel sounds
Flatus abdominal gas
flatulence expelling flatus
diarrhea watery stool
constipation hard stool
melena black tarry stool
steatorrhea high fat content in the feces, greasy, floats
ascites contain fluid (cavity) (liver disease)
Jaundice yellowish tint to the skin, especially the sclera
dysentery diarrhea due to bacteria
trench mouth lack of oral cavity care
Necrosis dead tissue
pyorrhea pus drainage from gums
esophageal varcies blood vessels-varicose (due to liver disease)
thrush fungal infection
GERD gastric esophageal reflux disorder
Reflux backward flow of gastric juices into esophagus
pyrosis heartburn
hiatal hernia protrusion of part of an organ (stomach)
ulcer gradual erosin of tissue
diverticulosis abnormal pockets along intestines
diverticulitis food struck in pockets along intestines
intussusception telescoping of the bowel
volvulus twisting of the bowel
paralytic ileus part of the small intestine quits working
appendix worm like structure at the end of the cecum
appendicitis infected appendix
peritonitis when appendix ruptures
gastritis/gastroenteritis inflammation of the small intestines
cirrhosis of the liver chronic liver damage
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis gallstones
gingivitis gum disease
proctoscopy examination of the rectum
sigmoidoscopy procedure to see inside the sigmoid colon and rectum area
colonoscopy test to look at the inner lining of the large intestine
pilonidal cyst abnormal skin growth located at the tailbone (hair & teeth)
pyrosis heartburn
colostomy removal of colon (large intestine)
ileostomy removal of ileum (small intestine)
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
colitis irritation and inflammation of the colon
ileitis irritation and inflammation of the ilium
vagotomy disconnect the vegas nerve from the stomach to lower the amount of gastric juices excreted
pyloroplasty remove ulcerative perforated part of stomach and suture stomach back together
perforated ulcer erosion all the way through the stomach leaving a hole
Created by: wenchie040