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Unit 5 Vocab History

Oregon trail a 2,000-mile stretch through the great plains from western Missouri to the Oregon territory
Sante fe trail an important trade trail west from independence, Missouri, to santa fe, new mexico
Mormon a member of the church of jesus Christ of latter-day saints
Alamo Spanish mission in san Antonio, texas, that was the site of a famous battle of the texas revolution in 1836
annexation the act or an instance of annexing, or adding to something larger, especially the incorporation of new territory into the domain of a city, country, or state
manifest destiny a belief shared by many americans in the mid- 1800s that the U.S. should expand across the continent to the pacific ocean
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Mexican priest and revolutionist, he led the rebellion of about 80,000 impoverished Indians and mestizos against spain in the hope of improving living conditions; though defeated, the rebellion eventually grew and helped lead to Mexican independence
Stephen F. Austin American colonizer in texas, he was imprisoned for urging texas statehood after santa anna suspended mexico's constitution. after helping texas win independence from mexico, he became secretary of state for the texas republic
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Mexican general and politician, he was president of Mexico and became a dictator. he fought in the Texas revolution and seized the Alamo but was defeated and captured by Sam Houston at San jacinto
Sam Houston Captured and defeated Santa Anna, head of Texas Army, President of the Texas Republic, brought Texas into the U.S., ended up becoming Governor of Texas
James K. Polk Eleventh president of the U.S., he settled the Oregon boundary with Great Britain and successfully conducted the Mexican-American War
John Tyler Tenth president of the U.S., wanted to increase the power of the whig party by annexing Texas, disagreeing about this with fellow whigs, took over after William Henry Harrison died in office, Annexed Texas
Zachary Taylor Twelfth president, whig, general during time of Polk and Mexican-American War, the General who camped on the Rio Grande and officially started the war
Bear Flag Revolt a revolt against Mexico by American settlers in California who declared the territory an independent republic
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo a treaty that ended the Mexican War and gave the United States much of Mexico's northern territory
Mexican Cession A lot of Mexico's morthern territory that was won after the Mexican-American war by the U.S., won in the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Gadsden Purchase U.S. purchase of land from Mexico that included the southern parts of present day Arizona and New Mexico
forty-niner a gold-seeker who moved to California during the gold rush
Gold Rush the period of time that began in 1848 when gold was found in California, causing about 80,000 people to move to California in hopes of striking it rich
John Sutter American pioneer who built Sutter's Fort, a trading post on the California frontier; gold was discovered, leading to the California Gold Rush
Created by: jemam724