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Australia Key Terms

These are important key terms to remember for the Australia test!

Who were the indigenous people of Australia? The Aborigines
What country colonized Australia? Great Britain
Who claimed Australia for Great Britain? Captain James Cook
What was Australia first used for? Penal Colony(Prison)
What kind of economy is Australia? Mixed Economy
Since Australia is a mixed economy, is it leaning more toward market or command? Market
If you could describe Australia's government in three words, what would those three words be? Federal Parlimentary Democracy
Is you could describe Australia's government with two more words, what would those two more words be? Constitutional Monarchy
Who is the constitutional monarchy of Australia? Queen Elizabeth III
Who represents the queen? The Governor-General
Why is it easy to start a business in Australia? 1. It takes less than a week 2. The government has less control over businesses
What is a tariff? A tax on imports
What is a quota? A limit on imports
What is an embargo? A ban on imports
What is a federal government? When the power is divided between the national and regional governments
What is a unitary government? When all the power is held by one central group or authority
What is a parlimentary democracy? The people vote for the members of parliment, and the members of parliment vote for the leader/prime minister
What is a presidential democracy? The people vote for the congress and the leader
What is Australian's currency? The Australian Dollar
Why does Australia have a high GDP and standard of living? The economy and the country is well developed and citizens have good healthcare and education
What are some economic problems? 1. Worst conditions = Aborigines 2. Life expectancy is lower for them 3. Don't get a lot of income 4. Don't have good healthcare
Created by: KakeKing