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Nervous Review

Nervous System Review

A disorder characterized by seizures epilepsy
Abnormal, deep unconsciousness coma
Abnormally small head microcephaly
All-consuming desire to remain thin anorexia nervosa
Binging and purging bulimia nervosa
Brain injury causing transient loss of consciousness concussion
Cavity of an organ ventricle
Circular opening made in the skull to relieve ICP (intracranial pressure) trephination
Conveys impulses for voluntary functions somatic nervous system
Conveys impulses to glands, smooth muscles and cardiac muscles autonomic nervous system
Depress CNS functions to induce sleep hypnotics
Disease of the myelin sheath multiple sclerosis
Disease of the spinal cord myelopathy
Functions include sensory perception and interpretation, muscular movement and emotional aspects of behaviour and memory cerebrum
Inability to comprehend auditory, visual, spatial, olfactory and other sensations agnosia
Inability to move or talk catatonic
Inability to speak aphasia
Incision into the skull craniotomy
Includes all nervous tissue of the body found outside the CNS peripheral nervous system
Inflammation of the brain encephalitis
Innermost membrane of the brain and spinal cord pia mater
Involuntary tremble or shake tremor
Involuntary, spasmodic muscular contractions tics
Lack of muscle coordination ataxia
Lack of response; sluggishness lethargy
Major emotional disorder psychosis
Measures the speed impulses travel through a nerve nerve conduction velocity
Middle layer covering the brain and spinal cord arachnoid membrane
Moves away from a central structure efferent
Moves toward a central structure afferent
Needle puncture of the spinal cavity lumbar puncture
Network of nervous tissue found in the brain and spinal cord central nervous system (CNS)
Nonpsychotic mental illness neurosis
Occurring without a known cause idiopathic
Outermost layer covering the brain and spinal cord dura mater
Pain in the spinal cord myelalgia
Painful, acute infectious disease; aka shingles herpes zoster
Poor development dystrophy
Premonitory awareness of an approaching physical or mental disorder aura
Produce a loss of sensation anesthetic
Psychological “worry” disorder anxiety
Records electrical activity of brain patterns electroencephalography
Refines muscular movement; aids in equilibrium cerebellum
Relieve pain analgesic
Sudden and violent contraction of the muscles convulsion
The functional cell of the nervous system neuron
Three membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord meninges
Transmits impulses across synapses neurotransmitter
Weakness or debility asthenia
White fat-like sheath myelin
List the three major structures of neurons. cell body, dendrites, axons
Which section of the cerebrum can only be seen on dissection? insula
What are the four major structures of the brain? cerebrum, cerebellum, diencephalon, brainstem
What are the four major types of neuroglia? astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, microglia, ependyma
What is the function of the hypothalamus? Regulates activities of the autonomic nervous system
Describe the spinal cord? transmits sensory impulses, composed of an inner gray matter/outer white matter, located in the spinal cavity
What are the two types of nerve cells found in the nervous system? neurons, neuroglia
What are three types of neurosis? phobia, hysteria, Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
What does the central nervous system consist of? brain, spinal cord
What is Alzheimer’s disease? Progressive neurological disorder that causes memory loss and serious mental deterioration
What is cerebrospinal fluid? Colourless, shock-absorbing fluid that circulates around the brain and spinal cord
What is Parkinson disease? Progressive neurological disorder affecting the portion of the brain responsible for controlling movement
What is the brainstem composed of? midbrain, medulla, pons
Acts as a bridge connecting the midbrain to the medulla pons
What is the function of the thalamus? Receives all sensory stimuli except olfactory
AD Alzheimer disease
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ALS Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
ANS Autonomic Nervous System
ASAP As Soon As Possible
BEAM Brain Electrical Activity Mapping
C1 First Cervical Vertebra
CNS Central Nervous System
CP Cerebral Palsy
CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid
CTA Computed Tomography Angiography
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident
EEG Electroencephalography
EMG Electromyography
ICP Intracranial Pressure
L3 Third Lumbar Vertabra
LOC Loss Of Consciousness
LP Lumbar Puncture
MEG Magnetoencephalography
MRA Magnetic Resonance Angiography
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MS Multiple Sclerosis
MSI Magnetic Source Imaging
NCV Nerve Conduction Velocity
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
PET Positron Emission Tomography
PNS Peripheral Nervous System
SRS Stereotactic Radiosurgery
SNS Somatic Nervous System
STAT Immediately
T12 Twelfth Thoracic Vertabra
TIA Transient Ischemic Attack
US Ultrasound
Created by: NadineDmetriuc