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Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Key Roots, Suffixes & Prefixes, Misc

aneurysm/o aneurysm
angi/o; vas/o, vascul/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arter/o; arteri/o arteriole
ather/o yellowish, fatty plaque
atri/o atrium
cancer/o; carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
ech/o; son/o sound
electr/o electrical
endocardi/o endocardium
mediastin/o mediastinum
my/o muscle
myocardi/o myocardium
ox/i oxygen
pericardi/o pericardium
phleb/o; ven/o vein
pulmon/om lung
rhythm/o rhythm
scler/o hard
sept/o sep
sin/o sinus
steth/o; thorac/o chest
valv/o; valvul/o valve
ventricul/o ventricle
venul/o venule
bi two
brady slow
de down;from
epi upon;above
peri around
poly many
tachy fast
tri three
ary pertaining to
edema swelling
graph instrument used to record
graphy process of recording
gram recording, writing
ium membrane
megaly enlarged
ole small
oma tumor
pathy disease, abnormality
phobia fear (abnormal)
sclerosis hardening, hardness
stenosis narrowing, strricture
stomy artificial opening
tome cutting instrument
Mitral regurgitation The backwash of blood in to the left atrium. Thickening, scarring, rigidity, & calcification of the valve leaflets allow backwash effect to occur. Blood cannot move efficiently. possible fatigue or shortness of breath depending on severity.
Aortic Stenosis The narrowing of the aortic valve due to disease or the degeneration inherent in the natural aging process. Narrowing causes left ventricular hypertrophy as a result of the increased pressure necessary pump the blood through the stenotic valve
Aortic Regurgitation The aortic valve between the aorta and the left ventricle does not close properly, and blood leaks backward through the valve. This causes overload of the left ventricle which can cause an eventual decrease in the muscular elasticity necessary for effecti
Digital Subtraction Angiography Arteriography using circuitry to subtract the background of bone and soft tissue to provide a useful image of arteries injected with contrast medium.
First Order Vessel Primary branch off the main trunk of a vascular system.
Main Trunk of the arterial system Aorta
Main trunk of the venous system Vena Cava
Roadmapping Overlying of two images. A stored image is superimposed upon a current fluoroscopic image, or a current image can be copied for storage and later used in roadmapping (angiograms to see landmarks - not diagnostic)
Second order vessel Secondary branch and comes of the first order vessel.
Third order and higher vessel(s) Tertiary branch and further comes off the second order vessel.
Vascular Family Network of vessels arising from the aorta's main branch of network vessels arising from one primary branch off the accesss site.
Created by: BBracha