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Special Senses


URI upper respitatory infection
PE pressure equalizing (tube)
OM otitis media
XT exotropia
VF visual field
VA visutal acuity
ST esotropia
SLE slit-lamp examination
RK radial keratomy
OD Doctor of optometery
NIHL noise-induced hearing loss
ENT ears, nose, throat
BC bone conduction
AC air conduction
LASIK laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis
IOP intraocular pressure
IOL intraocular lens
ENG electronystagmography
Ast astigmatism
ARMD, AMD age-related mascular degeneration
Acc accommodation
Where are the ossicles located? tympanic membrane
What is otosclerosis? abnormal hardening of the ossicles
What is mascular degeneration? deterioration of the macula
What are the specific sensations? Vision, Smell, Taste, Hearing, Equilibrum
What is an otolaryngologist? treats the disorders of ear, nose and throat
What are the 3 tunics of the eye? fiberous, vascular, sensory
What are the functions of the ear? hearing, equilibrum
Describe the vitreous humor jellylike subtance that fills the interior of the eye
Describe the vestibular system controls balance and eye movements, consisits of semicircular canals + the vestibule
Describe the pupil perforated centre of the iris
Describe the fovea in the centre of a macula, provides the greatest acuity for colour vision
Describe the conjunctive lines the outer surface of the eye and lines the eyelids
Describe rods function in dim light, produce black and white vision
Describe cones function in bright light, produce colour vision
Describe the aqueous humor found in poterior and anterior chamber, produced by ciliary body, provides nourishment for the lens and corena, drained by canal of schlemm slide
metamorphpsia visual distortion of objects
photophobia unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light
nystagmus type of involuntary eye movements
antiemetics treat and prevent nausea, vomitting, dizziness, and vertigo
sclera the white of the eye
corena the clear, transparent portion of the eye
gustation taste
hordeolum stye
cochlea snail-shaped inner ear structure; first structure of the inner ear
chalazion small, hard tumor on the eyelid
ear canal slender tube through which sound waves travel to the middle ear
stapes shaped like stirrups
malleus shaped like hammer
incus shaped like an anvil
achromatopsia severe congential deficiency in colour preception
semicircular canals responsible for balance
tympanoplasty reconstruction of the eardrum
blepharoptosis prolapse of the eyelid
olfactory pertaining to smell
tinnitus preception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears
cataracs opacities on the lens
optometrist one who specializes in eye measurements
Phacoemulsification Method of treating cataracts that disintegrates a cloudy lens, and is then aspirated and removed
Audiometry Measurement of hearing acuity
Anosmia Loss of sense of smell
Presbyopia Loss of accommodation associated with the aging process
Amblyopia Lazy eye syndrome
Otitis media Inflammation of the middle ear
Otitis externa Infection of the external auditory canal
(RK)radial keratotomy Incision of the cornea for treatment of nearsightedness
Nyctalopia Impaired vision in dim light aka night blindness
dacryorrhea Flow of tears
Hyperopia Farsightedness
Iridectomy Excision of the iris
Fluorescein angiography Evaluation of blood vessels and their leakage in and beneath the retina
Cerumen Ear wax
Otalgia Ear pain
Mydriatics Drugs that dilate the pupils
otopyorrhea Discharge of pus from the ear
Corectasis Dilation of the pupil
Astigmatism Defective curvature of the cornea or lens
Blepharoplasty Cosmetic surgery removing fatty tissue above and below the eyes
Otoplasty Corrective surgery for a deformed pinna
Strabismus Condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other or out of synchrony
Anacusis Complete deafness
Acuity Clearness or sharpness of a sensory function
Ametropia An error in refraction
Glaucoma Accumulation of aqueous humor in the eye
Eustachian tube A tube which connects the nose and throat
Equilibrium A state of balance
Created by: lexieeesmith