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Chapter 9

Chapter 9 Glossary

Allogenic Genetically different but obtained from the same species.
Apheresis Filtering of blood to remove stem cells or other cellular elements.
Autologous Obtained from the patient.
Bone Marrrow The flexible tissue found in the center of many bones, primarily in cancellous tissue of the ribs, vertebrae, sternum, and bones of the pelvis.
Bronchi Bottom portion of the trachea that splits into airways to the right and left lung; the right is shorter and wider than the left.
Carina The ridge that separates the opening of the right and the left bronchi; a downward and backward projection of the last tracheal cartilage.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) A progressive disease that gets worse overtime. COPD causes coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing. The number one cause of COPD is making smoking.
Cilia Microscopic filaments bathed in nasal mucus that cover the surface of the tissue in the nose.
Concha Bullosa Enlargement of the nasal turbinate
Croup A common, high-pitched, barking cough found in infants and children and with nasal-type symptoms
Diaphragm Muscle separating the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity; primary muscle in respiration, contracting and relaxing thus inflating and deflating.
Dacryocystorhinostomy Surgical procedures that restores the flow of tears into the nose from the lacrimal sac when the nasolacrimal duct does not function
Decortication Separating the pleura adhering to lungs to assist with the expansion of the lungs.
Direct Laryngoscopy Use of an endoscope to look directly at the larynx
Empyema Collection of pus between the lung and the lining of the lung (plueral space)
En Bloc In total or in full; as a single piece
Epiglottis A lid or flap that covers the larynx to protect the trachea from inhaled food or liquid
Glottis The larynx contains vocal cords separated by a triangular opening, called the glottis, through which air flows. The glottis narrows, controlling the flow of air, which causes the vocal cords to vibrate and create sound.
Hemic Pertaining to blood. SYN hematic
Hyoid Bone A horseshoe-shaped bone in the anterior midline of the neck. It is not a part of the Trachea and does not articulate with any other bone. It provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, & the epiglot
Indirect Laryngoscopy Use of mirrors with a rigid laryngoscope to view the larynx
Instill To introduce gradually
Larynx (voice box) Connects the nasopharynx to the trachea, covered by the epiglottis during swallowing to prevent aspiration
Lungs The right lung has three lobes and the left lung has two lobes
Mediastinum The portion of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland, as well as blood vessels and nerves
Pleura A serous membrane that folds back onto itself to form a two-layered structure.
Plueral Cavity The space between the two pleural layers
Pneumonectomy Removal of an entire lung (all lobes)
Pneomonolysis A procedure that separates the chest wall from the lungs to prevent collapse
Pneumothorax Collapse of the lung
Pulmonary Function Tests Test to diagnosis breathing problems
Trachae (windpipe) Cartilaginous structure that carriers air from the nasopharynx to the lungs via the bronchi
Turbinates Superior, middle, and inferior bony structures found in each right and left nasal cavity to assist with air movement
Septum Bony Structure that separates the left nasal cavity from the right nasal cavity
Splenoportography A method of using X-ray imaging to view the portal system via the spleen
Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) Use of endoscope and video to perform diagnostic and surgical procedures on the thoracic cavity
Vital Capacity (VC) The maximum volume of air that a person can exhale after maximum inhalation. The measure is used in diagnostic pulmonary testing.
Created by: BBracha