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Stack #18673

Science Systems

Cortex the wrinkly part on top of the brain
Hemisphere a half of a sphere when it is cut into two equal parts horizantally or vertically
Cerebellum the part of the brain involved with balance and coordination
Cerebrum the larger part oh the brain, it is involved with movement and your senses, learn think and remember
Medulla the part of the brain that controls your organs and your heart, it is set inside of the skull
Spinal Cord the cord of nervous tissue that extends from the brain to the vertebral canal. It carries signals to and from the brain
Pituitary Gland a small, oval gland called the Master Gland because it controls all of the other glands
PNS PNS=Peripheral Nervous System. It is made up of all of the other nerves in your body that aren't in the CNS
CNS CNS=Central Nervous System. It is made up of the brain and the spinal cord
Autonomic System made up of the hypothalamus. It controls and moniters conditions of the body, emotions, and short term memory
Hypothalamus controls blood pressure, heart rate, body temperatures, hunger, and thirst
Thalamus takes all incoming senses except for the sense of smell then sends them to the cerebrum to be interpreted
Amygdala major role with your motions, fear, pleasure, and phobias
Neuron bundles of thousands of nerve cells
Motor Neuron sends impulses to the muscles and glands in your body
Sensory Neuron picks up the stimuli from either internal or external environments then converts the stimuli to an impulse and carries impulse up to brain
Interneuron transfers incoming sensory impulse to the outgoing motor impulse, found in brain and spinal cord
Dendrite recieves the impulses and sends them to the cell body
Axon carries the impulses away from the cell body to other parts and other cells
Cell Body contains the nucleus and the organelles
Synaptic Gap the space between two nerve cells
Neurotransmitter special chemicals released to carry a message
Stimulus activates impulses
Homeostatis the ability of an organism to keep conditions inside it's body the same even though conditions in the same environment may change
Reflex a response to a sense
Unconditioned Reflex you are born with it
Conditioned Reflex you learn it when you are living
Hormones a chemical that creates change
Thyroid Gland found in the throat, controls your metabolism
Parathyroid Gland on the thyroid, controls the amount of phosphate and calcium in blood
Adrenal Gland top of kidneys, makes adrenaline, controls amount of salt in blood
Pancreas behind stomach, creates insulin
Created by: study101