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Chapter 20 Vocabulary

asthma lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quickly causing shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing
trachea another name for the windpipe/air-conducting tube that connects the larynz with the bronchi
bladder elastic, muscular organ/sac that holds urine until it leaves the body
larynx another name for the voice box/airway in which the vocal cords are attached
urine wastewater that contains excess water, salts, and other wastes that are not reabsorbed by the body
urinary system group of excretory organs that rid the blood of wastes, control blood volume, and balance the concentration of salts
ureter tube that carries urine from each kidney to the bladder
alveoli tiny, thin-walled air sacs at the end of the bronchioles; where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place
pharynx the tube-like passageway for food, liquid, and air (back of the throat)
kidney bean-shaped urinary system organ that filters blood and makes urine
nephron a tiny filtering unit of the kidney
emphysema lung disease usually caused by smoking in which the alveoli enlarge, become brittle, and may burst
urethra tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
diaphragm breathing muscle located below the lungs; contracts and relaxes to let gases in and out of the body
bronchi two short tubes that branch off the lower end of the trachea
Created by: jrobertson1