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Body system

cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
encephal/o brain
medull/o medulla oblongata
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerve
cerebellum lower back part of brain
controls breathing and heart beat medulla oblongata
medulla oblongata lower part of brain near spinal cord
controls coordination & balance cerebellum
spinal cord collection of nerves within spinal cavity, surrounded by backbones
cerebrum largest part of brain
controls movement, thoughts reasoning, vision, hearing & speech cerebrum
myelitis infl. spinal cord
cerebral pert. to largest part of brain
medullary pert. loweer part of brain closest to spinal cord
encephalitis infl. of brain
neuropathy disease of nerve
cerebellar pert. to posterior portion of the brain
controls equilibrum cerebellum
cerebrovascular accident damage to blood vessel in brain. - Stroke
multiple sclerosis destruction of myelin sheath around nerve cells in the CNS
concussion blunt injury to brain loss of consciousness
syncope fainting
epilepsy chronic brain disorder with seizure activity
meningitis infl. membrane surrounding brain and spinal cord
glioblastoma malignant tumor of the brain
paraplegia paralysis of the lower portion of body
hemiplegia paralysis one side of body
Alzheimer disease brain disorder marked by deterioration in mental activity
dementia severe impairment or loss of intellectual capacity and personality integration, due to the loss of or damage to neurons in the brain.
lumbar puncture remove cerebrospinal fluid
CSF analysis chemical test cell counts, culture and smears of fluid surounding brain and spinal cord
cerebral angiography x-ray image of blood vessels in the brain
PET scan uptake of radioactive material in brain shows brain uses glucose
stereotactic radiosurgery gamma knife destroy brain tissue
TENS for stimulation to nerves, acute chronic pain
pons Also called pons Varolii. a band of nerve fibers in the brain connecting the lobes of the midbrain, medulla, and cerebrum.
cauda equina The bundle of spinal nerve roots running through the lower part of the subarachnoid space within the vertebral canal below the first lumbar vertebra.
cervical nerves neck nerves 1-8
thoracic nerves chest nerves 1-12
lumbar nerves loin nerves 1-5
sacral nerves sacrum nerves 1-5
coccygeal nerves tail-bone nerve
CNS central nervous system
PET positron emission tomography
ischemia local deficiency of blood supply produced by vasoconstriction or local obstacles to the arterial flow.
glioblastoma Immature tumor (cells) of the supportive CNS tissue
Created by: ptenz