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68 Hist Facts 1-25

7th grade history facts 1-25

First Amendment that “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition.
Second Amendment right of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms.
Third Amendment forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes.
Fourth Amendment that warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized (taken) by the government.
Fifth Amendment protects an accused person from having to testify against him or herself (self-incrimination); bans double jeopardy, and guarantees that no person will suffer the loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
Sixth Amendment guarantees the right to a speedy public trial by an impartial jury; the right to a lawyer; the right to cross examine witnesses; and the right to force witnesses at a trial to testify.
Seventh Amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil suits.
Eighth Amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment and excessive bail or fines.
Ninth Amendment states that the people have rights other than those specifically mentioned in the Constitution.
Tenth Amendment powers not given to the federal government belong to the states.
Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery
Fourteenth Amendment citizenship and rights to all people born or naturalized in the United States.
Fifteenth Amendment guarantees the right to vote to all citizens regardless of race.
Great Compromise created two houses of Congress. One based on population, the other gave equal representation to each state
Declaration of Independence signed on July 4, 1776
Constitution of the United States written in 1787
Louisiana Territory purchased by President Thomas Jefferson from France in 1803
Primary Sources are the original records of an event. eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts.
Secondary Sources are the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources.
Representative Government system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them.
The Declaration of Independence a document written by Thomas Jefferson, declaring the colonies independence from England.
A Republic nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them.
Three Branches of Government Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Executive branch.
Checks and Balances system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches.
Federalism sharing of power between the states and the national government
Created by: diazcarlem