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Prefix Study Guide

Ante- before, forward
Ab- away from
Anti- against
Ad- toward
Auto- self, own
Brady- slow
Centi- one hundredth
Dys- difficult, painful, bad, abnormal
Hypo- low, deficient, under
Eu- good, normal
Intra- in, within, into
Mal- bad
Post- after, behind
Pre- before
Tachy- fast
Contra- against, opposite
Bi- two
Dia- complete, through
Nulli- none
trans- through, across
Primi- first
Epi- above, upon, on
Inter- between
Infra- below
Poly- many, much
Hemi- half
Post- after, behind
Sub- under
Retro- behind, back
Syn- together
-cele hernia
-gram Record
-algia pain
Anti- against
-ectasis dilation
-ia condition
-opsy to view
-logy study of
-pathy disease
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-plasty surgical repair
-stasis to stop, control
-therapy treatment
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-ptosis droop
-graph instrument of recording
-staxis dripping
Thorax pleural cavity, chest
Ox/o oxygen
Phon/o voice
Rhin/o nose
Pnea breathing
Trache/o trachea
Pre- before
WBC white blood cell
Phobia fear
Tonsill/o tonsil
Palat/o palate
Lingu/o tongue
Cervic/o neck
Crani/o skull
Pelv/i pelvis hip region
Sacr/o sacrum
Thorac/o chest
Sinus/o Sinus
Pector/o chest
Sphyx/o pulse
Furc/o branching, split
Lob/o lobe
Hemat/o blood
Pleur/o pleura
Duct/o carry, to lead
Py/o pus
Cyt/o cell
Gloss/o tongue
Mandibul/o mandible
Pneum/o lung, air
Coni/o dust
Diaphragm/o diaphragm
Coccyg/o coccyx
Cyst/o bladder
Dors/o back; portion of the body
-genesis producing, forming
-itis inflammation
-ole small
-ate action, use possession
Cranial cranium
Thoracic thorax
Abdominal pertaining to the abdomen
Pelvic pelvis
Spinal spine
Space below the chest containing organs such as the liver, stomach, gallblader, and intesines abdominal cavity
space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull cranial cavity
Muscle seprating the abdominal and thoracic cavity diaphragm
pertaining to the back dorsal (posterior)
Centarally located space between the lungs mediastinum
Space below the abdomen containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary, bladder, and reproductive organs pelvic cavity
Double-layered membrance surrounding the abdominal organs peritoneum
Double-layered membrane surrounding each lung pleura
Space between the pleural membranes pleural cavity
space within the spinal column ( back bones) and containing the spinal cord spinal cavity
space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus, and other organs Thoracic cavity
Pertaining to the front ventral ( anterior)
neck region cervical
chest region thoracic
Lion ( waist) region lumbar
region of the sacrum sacral
region of the coccyx coccygeal
Cheek bucc/o
lips cheil/o labi/o
hard palate and soft palate palat/o
uvula uvul/o
tongue gloss/o lingu/o
tonsils tonsill/o
gums gingiv/o
teeth denti odont/o
groove or crack- like sore fissure
growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane polyp
(MD) muscular dystrophy abnormal development of the muscle
a reflex extension of the leg resulting from a sharp top on the patellar tendon (KJ) knee- jerk
anthrac/o coal
sphyx/o pulse
-ema condition of
ventr/o belly side of the body
Paranasal sinuses 1- sphenoidal 2- ethmoidal 3- frontal 4- maxillary
shortness of breath SOB
upper respiratory infection URI
acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD
chest x-ray ( film) CXR
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea PND
furc/o split, branching
pericardium surrounding the heart
External respiration exchange of oxygen between the air and blood in the lungs
Internal (cellular) respiration exchange of oxygen between the blood and and the body cell
Rhonchi loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
Sputum material expelled from the bronch, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
Stridor strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration
Wheezes continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
Croup acute viral infection of infants and children
Pertussis whooping cough, highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, trachea
Asthma chronic bronchial inflammatory
Cystic fibrosis (CF) inherited disorder of exorine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally
Atelectasis collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
Emphysema hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
Pneumonia acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
Sarcoidosis chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
Tuberculosis (TB) infection disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis
Mesothelioma rare malognant tumor arising in the pleura
Pleurisy (Pleuritis) inflammation of the pleura
Heimlick an emergency procedure to help someone who is choking because food is lodged in the trachea (Taqunek and forsing)
Influenza a cute viruse, contagious disease
Pulmonary function test test that measure breathing, air flow, volume of exhaled
Thoracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
Tracheostomy surgical creation of an opining into the trachea through the neck
neck region cervical
chest region thoracic
lion (waist) region lumbar
sacrum region sacral
coccyx region coccygeal
-al pertaining to
-ptysis spitting
-cele hernia
-algia pain
-centesis puncture to remove fluid
-ema condition of
Sclero- hardening
Created by: vanoshka