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Chapter 4

Key Roots, Suffixes, and Prefixes - Acronyms/Abbreviations

bacteri/o Bacteria
-occus (-cocci,pl) Berry-shaped bacterium
pyr/o Fever
pyret/o Fever
pyrex/o Fever
seps/o Infection
staphyl/o Clusters
ur/o Urinary tract/urine
AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus
ICD-9-CM International Classification of Disease, 9th revision, Clinical Modification
MRSA Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MSSA Methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus
OI Opportunistic Infection
SA Staphylococcus Aureus
SIRS Systemic inflammatory response syndrome
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
ana backward
cac/o bad
carcin/o cancer, cancerous
chem/o chemotherapy
cyst/o sac of fluid
genesis formation
neo new
oma mass, tumor
plasm formation, growth
sarc/o flesh, connective tissue
therapy treatment
Bx Biopsy
CA Cancer
Chemo Chemotherapy
Mets Mestastases/metastatic
crin/o secrete
dips/o thirst
gluc/o, glyc/o sugar
hormone/o hormone
pancreat/o pancreas
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid
toxic/o poison
tropin act upon
in a substance
coagul/o clotting
cyt/o cell
emia blood condition
globulin protein
ranul/o granules
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
leuk/o white
CBC complete blood count
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
RBC red blood cell count
WBC white blood count
anxi/o uneasy, anxious, distressed
hallucin/o hallucination
hypo deficient
mania obsessive
ment/o mind
para abnormal
phobia fear
psych/o mind
schiz/o split
AD Alzheimer disease
ADD attention-deficit disorder
DT delirium tremens
MDD major depressive disorder; manic-depressive disorder
MR mental retardation
OCD obsessive - compulsive disorder
PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder
SAD seasonal affective disorder; schizoaffective disorder
algia pain
audi/o hearing
blephar/o eyelid
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
cor/o pupil
corne/o cornea
dur/o dura mater
encephala/o brain
glauc/o gray
kines/o movement
lepsy seizure
meningi/o meninges
neur/o nerve
opia vision
ot/o ear
otia ear condition
paresis slight paralysis (weakness)
phasia speech
plegia paralysis
pont/o pons
thalam/o thalamus
AOM Acute otits media
CSF Cerebralospinal fluid
angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o arteries
arteriol/o arterioles
atri/o atrium
capillar/o capillary
coron/o heart
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
lymph/o lymph
lymphat/o lymphatics
lymphan/o lymph vessels
phleb/o vein
pleur/o pleura
sphygm/o pulse
splen/o spleen
thromb/o blood clot
valv/o valve
valvul/o valve
ASHD Arteriosclerotic heart disease
AR Aortic regurgitation
AV Arteriovenous
BP Blood Pressure
CAD Coronary Artery Disease
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
HTN Hypertension
MR Mitral regurgitation
PAD Peripheral arterial disease
PDA Patent ductus arteriosus
PR Pulmonary regurgitation
TR Tricuspid regurgitation
alveol/o alveolus, air sac
bronch/o bronchial tube
bronch/i bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
cyan/o blue
laryng/o larynx, voice box
lob/o lobe of lung
nas/o nose
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
pleur/o pleura
pnuem/o air, lung
pulmon/o lung
sinus/o sinus, cavity
trache/o trachea, windpipe
ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
OSA Obstructive sleep apnea
RDS Respiratory distress syndrome
SOB Shortness of breath
URI Upper respiratory infection
abdomen/o abdomen
an/o anus
appendic/o appendix
bil/i bile
bilirubin/o bile pigment
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
celi/o abdomen
cheil/o lip
chole/o gall/bile
choleangio/o bile duct
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon
diverticul/o diverticulum
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
lith/o stone
or/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
polyp/o polyp
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sigmoid sigmoid colon
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI Gastointestinal
HJR Hepatojugular reflux
Created by: BBracha