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Mitosis and Meiosis

Mitosis Process of cell division in which one parent cell divides into two identical daughter cells with the same number and kinds of chromosomes.
Meiosis Process of cell division which results in formation of gametes (sperm and egg) with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
The phases of the cell cycle Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis.
Interphase Before mitosis begins, chromosomes are copied
Prophase Mitosis begins. The nuclear membrane dissolves. Chromosomes condense into rod-like structures.
Metaphase The chromosomes line up along the equator of the cell
Anaphase Chromatids separate and move to opposite sides of the cell
Telophase The nuclear membrane forms around the two sets of chromosomes, and the chromosomes unwind. Mitosis is complete.
Cytokinesis In cells that lack a cell wall, the cell pinches in two. In cells that have a cell wall, a cell plate forms between the two new cells.
Why cells do mitosis To repair, grow, and replace
How many times a cell divides during mitosis 1 time
How many daughter cells are produced during mitosis 2 identical daughter cells
The number of chromosomes change during mitosis No, the number of chromosomes stay the same
The final result after mitosis 2 identical daughter cells
The final result of mitosis is diploid or haploid Diploid
Why cells do meiosis For sexual reproduction
How many daughter cells are produced during meiosis 4 identical daughter cells
The number of chromosomes change during meiosis Yes, the number of chromosomes are split during cell division
The final result of meiosis 4 sex cells, 1/2 the number of chromosomes than parent cell
The final result of meiosis is diploid or haploid Haploid
Created by: 1962116900