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introduction to pyschology

psychology scientific study of behaviour and mental processes in humans
behaviour any observable action made by a living person
mental porcesses an individuals thoughts and feelings that are personal and cannot be directly observed
psychologist completes four years full-time study and two years of full time training under supervision
psychiatrist qualified medical doctor, with specialised qualifications in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness
basic psychology study of psychological topics to seek knowledge for its own sake
applied psychology study of psychological topics that can be applied in practical and relevant ways
clinical psychology assessment, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness
clinical neuropsychology assessment of changes in behaviour and thinking that may be a result of brain damage
community psychology concerned with community issues like health and welfare
scientific method systematic approach for planning, conducting and reporting research that involves collecting empirical evidence
hypothesis in research, a testable prediction of the relationship between two or more events or characteristics
independent variable (I.V) the variable in an experiment which the researcher manipulates in order to assess its effects on participants responses (D.V)
dependent variable (D.V) the variable in an experiment the researcher chooses to measure in order to assess the effect(s) of the independent variable(s)
extraneous variable any variable, apart from the independent variable, that can cause a change in the in the dependent and therefore affect the results of an experiment in an unwanted way.
experimental group the group in an experiment who is exposed to the independent variable
control group the group in an experiment who is not exposed to the independent variable; used for comparison with the experimental groups
population the entire group of interest from which a a sample is drawn
sample a smaller group of research participants selected from a larger group (population)
random sample every member of the population of interest has an equal chance of being selected as a participant in the study
Nature (Hereditary) The transmission of characteristics from biological parent to their offspring via genes at the time of conception
Nurture (Environment) All the experiences, objects and events to which we are exposed throughout our entire lifetime
Mind-body problem The relationship between the human mind and body. Involves questions about the relationship between the brain activity and the conscious experience
Created by: hunche111