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med term wk 3

Medical Terminology A Living Language

What does skin do? -Provides a protective two way barrier between our internal environment and the outside world. -Temperature regulation -houses sensory receptors
which structures make up the integumentary system? skin, hair, nails, sebaceous glands, sweat glands
albin/o white
bi/o life
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
diaphor/o profuse sweating
electr/o electricity
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
ichthy/o dry, scaly
kerat/o hard, horny
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
onych/o nail
pedicul/o lice
phot/o light
py/o pus
rhytid/o wrinkle
scler/o hard
seb/o oil
trich/o hair
ungu/o nail
vesic/o bladder
xer/o dry
-derma skin condition
-opsy view of
-tome instrument used to cut
allo- other, different from usual
xeno- strange foreign
integument/cutaneous membrane another word for skin
what layer of skin contains the nerve endings? Middle
which skin glands produce fluids? sweat and sebaceous
How do superficial blood vessels assist in body temperature regulation? when the body wants to cool itself it opens the blood vessels bringing more blood to the surface to release heat. When the body wants to warm itself those vessels constrict allowing less blood to flow close to the surface.
outer layer of skin epidermis layer
middle layer of skin dermis /corium layer
innermost layer of skin subcutaneous /Hypodermis layer
how often is the epidermus replaced? every 25 days
stratified squamous epithelium flat scale like cells aranged in overlapping layers that compose the epidermis
what is the deepest layer of the epidermus called? basal layer
keratin a hard protein that fills the cells on the outer layer of the epidermis. This creates a waterproof barier
where is melanin produced and what is it's purpose? found in the basal layerthis cell produces pigment and protects against damage from UV rays
colagen fibers -made from strong fibrous protein present in connective tissue -forms a flexible"glue" that gives connective tissue it's strength
lipocytes fat cells that make up the subcutaneous layer
arrector pili a muscle attached to a ahir follicle which has the ability to contract, make the hair stand up and cause goose bumps
How does hair grow? keratinized melanin enriched cells are pushed upward forming the hair shaft
What are the four parts of a hair? root, follicle, shaft, arrector pili
nail body a flat plate of keratin
nail bed connects the nail body to the tissue underneath
nail root -covered by the cuticle -found at the base of the nail
free edge the edge of the nail that is trimmed when it gets too long
cuticle the soft tissue of the nail
lunula the light colored half moon area at the base of the nail
Where is the sebaceous gland found? the dermis
What oil does the sebaceous gland secrete? seabum
seabum production____ with age decreases
What is another name for sweat glands? sudoriferous glands
Where is a sweat gland found? the dermis
How does sweat travel to the surface of the skin? Sweat duct
sweat pore surface opening of a sweat duct
what is another name for sweat? perspiration
Where are apocrine glands found? pubic and underarms
What would cause the thick sweat from the apocrine glands to smell? contact with bacteria on the skin
angi/o vessel
bas/o the base
carcin/o cancer
cis/o to cut
cyt/o cell
esthesi/o felling
hem/o blood
sarc/o flesh
system/o system
-ectomy surgical removal
-emia blood condition
-ia state/condition
-ism state of
-itis inflammation
-malacia softening
-oma mass
-osis abnormal condition
-phagia eating
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhea discharge
an- without
anti- againts
auro- self
de- without
epi- upon
hyper- excessive
hypo- under
intra- within
para- beside
sub- under
What is the name of the test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area used to determine the bacteria and it's sensitivity to different antibiotics? culture and sensitivity
What is it called when you remove a piece of tissue to examine it under a microscope? biopsy
What is it called when you scrape cells from tissue and then examine them under a microscope? exfoliative cytology
What would you call a thin piece of tissue cut from a frozen specimen for rapid examination under a microscope? frozen section
What would you call scrapings taken from tissue from lesions which are placed on a growth medium and examined under a microscope to identify fungal growth? fungal scrapings
What is the abbreviation for basal cell carcinoma? BCC
What is the abbreviation for biopsy? BX, bx
What is the abbreviation for culture and sensitivity? C&S
What is the abbreviation for decubitus ulser? decub
What is the abbreviation for dermatology? Derm, derm
What is the abbreviation for frozen section? FS
What is the abbreviation for incision and drainage? I&D
What is the abbreviation for intradermal? ID
What is the abbreviation for malignant melanoma? MM
What is the abbreviation for squamous cell carcinoma? SCC
What is the abbreviation for skin graft? SG
What is the abbreviation for systemic lupus erythematosus? SLE
What is the abbreviation for split-thickness skin graft? STSG
What is the abbreviation for subcutaneous? Subc, SubQ
What is the abbreviation for ultraviolet UV
ecchymosis skin discoloration/bruise
suppurative containing or producing pus
prurulent puss filled fluid which can be the result of infection
pruritus severe itching
urticaria hives
nevus birthmark or mole
petichiae pinpoint spots from bleeding under the skin
purpura hemorrhages into the skin and mucous membranes
comedo blackhead
cicatrix scar
keloid scar which forms as raised and red
vitiligo disappearance of pigment from the skin
furuncle staphylococcal skin abscess with redness, pain, and swelling; also called a boil
carbuncle inflammation and infection of skin and hair follicle that may result from several untreated boils; most commonly found on neck, upper back, or head
rhytidectomy surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles; commonly referred to as a facelift
Created by: Megan Hussey Megan Hussey