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Black History Bowl

Civil Rights

To whom did Martin Luther King Jr address his Letter from Birmingham City Jail? clergymen (in appealing for support against racial injustice)
In which year did apartheid officially end in South Africa: '71, '81, or '91?) 91
What gold medal is awarded annually to an African-American for the highest achievement in his field of activity? The Spingarn Medal (named in 1914 after Joel Spingarn- A FORMER NAACP board chairman)
In 1965, what Alabama city was the starting point for a historic five-day march to the state capital? Selma (25,000 protesters of unfair voting practices)
What is a form of protest where people peacefully occupy an area and refuse to leave known as? Sit-ins
Rights of individuals to receive equal treatment regardless of their race, gender or religion is called what? Civil Rights
What landmark Supreme Court ruling declared racial segregation in schools unconstitutional? Brown vs. Board of Education Topeka 1954
What were two measures designed to deter Black voters from voting? Literacy Tests and poll tax
What did violence against peaceful protesters in Selma, Alabama prompt the passage of? Voting Rights Acts
What are the Greensboro Four known for? Starting the sit-ins movement on February 1, 1960.
Who was responsible for sparking the Montgomery bus boycott? Rosa Parks
Which U.S. president signed the Civil Rights Act (1964), and the Voting Rights Act (1965) into law? Lyndon B. Johnson
As vice-chair of Mississippi Freedom Party, she challenged the state's all-white and anti-civil rights delegation to the1968 Democratic National Convention. Name her. Fannie Lou Hamer
Name the state laws that enforced segregation in public schools, public places and facilities. Jim Crow Laws
What landmark act outlawed voting practices that were discriminatory against Black voters? Voting Rights Acts of 1965
What constitutional amendment abolished slavery in the United States? 13th Amendment
What amendment abolished the poll tax that was levied to deter Black voters from voting? 24th Amendment
What amendment stated that citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race or color? 15th Amendment
What amendment gave citizenship to anyone born in the U.S. and equal protection under the law? 14th Amendment
Which former slave and noted abolitionist edited and published The North Star, an abolitionist newspaper? Frederick Douglas
Noted African American intellectual and civil rights activist W. E. B. DuBois was a founding member of which organization in 1909? NAACP
Who is generally considered the mother of the Civil Rights movement? Rosa Parks
What propelled Martin Luther King, Jr. to national prominence as a leader of the Civil Rights movement? He led the boycott (1955-56) in Montgomery, Alabama
On June 11, 1963, President Kennedy ordered the National Guard to ensure the enrollment of two African American students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, at which university? University of Alabama
What key event in the Civil Rights movement happened in 1964? Congress passed the Civil Rights Act
The National Rainbow Coalition, a political organization uniting various minority groups was formed in 1986 by which African American leader? Reverend Jesse Jackson, Sr.
The 15th Amendment was passed on which date? Feb. 3,1870
Why was the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment important to National Organization of Women members? It would guarantee equal opportunities for women.
Since 1987, he has been the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 5th congressional district. On March 7, 1965 - a day known as "Bloody Sunday," his skull was fractured by state troopers after he lead civil rights marchers over Selma, Alabama's Edmund Pettus Congressman John Lewis
What was the purpose of affirmative action programs? Correct the effect of previous injustice
Who was the attorney for the NAACP in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case that established equal access to education? Thurgood Marshall
The National Civil Rights Museum is located in what city? Memphis
What did Executive Order 9981 do? Desegregated the military
What was the Southern Manifesto? Southern lawmakers petition to protest the decision in Brown vs. Board of Education Topeka, Kansas
What were the Black Codes? Slaves were forbidden to gather in groups larger than 5, own property, testify in court, or learn to read
When was the importation of slaves outlawed in the U.S.? 1808
Why was the Civil Rights Act of 1957 significant? It was the first civil rights bill passed by congress since reconstruction
Which state was the last to outlaw slavery? Mississippi M -I-crooked letter-crooked letter, I, crooked letter-crooked letter, I, hump back, hump back, I
How many years did Thurgood Marshall serve on the Supreme Court? 24 years
What year did the sit in movement begin? Feb. 1, 1950
What date did the 1st Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday begin? Jan. 15, 1986
When did the first "Juneteenth" celebrations take place? June 19, 1865
Who was the Black preacher who led a slave rebellion in Virginia on August 21, 1831? Nat Turner
What did William L. Still organize in 1880 for Black youth? YMCA
This slave narrator was also an antislavery lecturer, novelist, dramatist and historian. Name him. William Wells Brown
What influential Congressman became Executive Director of the United Negro College Fund? William H. Gray, III
Who was the first Black American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor? William Carney
Benjamin Banneker assisted in the survey of what major US city? Washington, DC
What was the name of the network of hiding places which helped slaves to escape to freedom? Underground Railroad
The 1890's was the called the "women's era" in black history because of the rise of the black women's clubs and movement. For what reasons were these clubs and associations formed? To provide social services and promote racial and gender equality for women in their community
What anti-slavery newspaper was founded by Frederick Douglas? The North Star
In 1794 this former slave established Bethel, the first African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the first independent black denomination in the United States. Name him. Richard Allen
On January 1, 1863 what significant declaration did President Lincoln issue? The Emancipation Proclamation
What was the first learned society specifically devoted to the professional study of black history by Carter G. Woodson in 1915? The Association for the Study of Negro Life and History
Slaves were known to revolt against the slave system. In 1739 the Stono Rebellion occurred in what colony? South Carolina ( 20 miles west of Charleston)
What orator delivered a powerful anti-slavery speech in 1851 at a convention on women's rights in Akron, Ohio? Sojourner Truth
What was the name of the system in which Black Americans farmed someone else's land and received a split of the season's crop? sharecropping
What was the first southern city to integrate all of their public facilities? San Antonio, Texas
The flag representing the Black Movement is comprised of what three colors? Red, Black, and Green
After Martin Luther King Jr.'s death, who succeeded him as the head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference? Ralph Abernathy
The "PUSH" in Operation PUSH, founded by Rev. Jesse Jackson, stands for what? People United to Serve Humanity
Dr. Ralph Bunche became the first Black American to win what prestigious award? Nobel Peace Prize
Whitney Young advocated civil rights reform through what organization? National Urban League
Mary McLeod Bethune was the founder and president of what national association? National Council of Negro Women
What does the acronym NAACP stand for? National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
By the time Thurgood Marshall reached the age of 40, what nickname had he earned from the press? Mr. Civil Rights
What Law prohibited slavery north and west of the 36-30 parallel within the Louisiana Territory? Missouri Compromise
What civil rights leader from Mississippi was slain in 1963? Medgar Evers
Who founded the first major Black American nationalist movement that called for Blacks to move back to Africa? Marcus Garvey
What famous march helped influence the Voting Rights Acts passed in August 1965? March on Selma
Who founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity? Malcolm X
What was the name of the Indian leader who became a model for Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s non-violent and peaceful movement? Mahatma Gandhi
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was fatally shot on the balcony of what hotel and city in 1968? Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee
Who wrote From Slavery to Freedom, a comprehensive book on the history of Black American's? John Hope Franklin
In the late nineteenth century there was a system of laws that enforced racial discrimination in the United States. What was it called? Jim Crow
What is the significance of Fort Huachuca (Hoo'-a-chu'-ka)? It was the headquarters of all Black regiments including the Buffalo Soldiers for 20 years.
She is a civil rights activist who worked for years to seek justice for the murder of her civil rights activist husband in 1963. She has also served as national chairwoman of the NAACP. On January 21, 2013, she delivered the invocation at the second inaug Myrlie Evers-Williams
Created by: shundracaldwell