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Study Guide Question

Study Guide Questions

Chromosomes DNA coiled and condensed around proteins called histones
Chromatids arms of a chromosome
Centromere holds the 2 chromatids together
Locus(i) location of a gene on a chromosome
Telomere ends of the chromosomes - play a role in replication of DNA and the aging process
diploid number every sexually reproducing species that can be identified by the number of chromosomes
haploid number egg and sperm cells that have 1/2 the diploid number
homologous chromosomes
karyotype a picture of the 23 pairs of homologous chromosomes
autosomes the first 22 pair of chromosomes
sex chromosomes the 23rd pair of chromosomes; (determine gender)
mitosis cell division in somatic tissue that produces the diploid number
meiosis cell division that reduces the diploid number to one half or the haploid number of chromosomes and makes eggs and sperm cells
Created by: Elijher