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Genetics Vocab

Trait A genetically determined characteristic
Heredity The passing of genetic traits from parents to offspring
Genetics The science of heredity, dealing with resemblances and differences of related organisms
Gregor Medel A scientist who founded the modern science of genetics
Dominate Triat The trait observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred
Recessive Trait A trait that appears in the second generation after dispersing in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred
Genes One set of instructions for an inherited triat
Alleles One of alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristic
Pheonotype An organisms appearance or other detectable characteristic
Genotype The entire make-up of an organism
Homozygous Describes an individual that has identical alleles for a trait on both homozygous chromosomes
Heterozygous Describes an individual that has two different alleles for a trait
Probablity The likely-hood that a possible future event will occur in any given instance of the event
Punnett Square A graphic used to predict the result of a genetic cross
Meiosis A process in cell division during which the number if chromosomes decreases to half the original number by two divisions of the nucleus which results in the production of sex cells
Selective Breeding The human practice of breeding animal or plants that have certain traits
Inbreeding The mating of closely related individuals
Hybridization To cause to produce hybrids
Cloning The process of producing a clone
DNA A molecule that is present in all living cells and that contains information that determines the traits that a living thing inherits
Mutation A change in the nucleotide-base sequence of a gene or DNA molecule
Genetic Engieering A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified for medical or industrial use
Created by: ChocolateRox6