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BMS 250 Chapter 1

Provide a definition for the terms 'anatomy' and 'physiology' anatomy - the study of structure and form physiology - the study of the function of body parts
Describe the anatomical position: body is standing erect, feet on the ground, hands are at the sides with the palms facing forward
cephalic head
frontal forehead
orbital eye
nasal nose
buccal cheek
oral mouth
mental chin
cervical neck (or cervix)
deltoid shoulder
sternal sternum
axillary armpit
pectoral chest
mammary nipple
brachial upper arm
antecubital inside of the elbow
abdominal abdomen
antebrachial lower arm
coxal hip
pelvic pelvis
inguinal groin
carpal wrist
pubic pubic bone
palmar palm of the hand
digital fingers, toes
femoral thigh
patellar kneecap
crural shin
tarsal ankle
dorsum top of the foot
cranial top of the head
occipital back of the head
auricular ear
thoracic upper back
vertebral vertebrae (of the spinal cord)
olecranal elbow
lumbar lower back
sacral tailbone
gluteal buttocks
perineal the area between the anus and the genitals
popliteal back of the knee
sural calf
calcaneal heel
anterior towards the front
posterior towards the back
dorsal towards the back
ventral towards the belly
superior towards the head; above
inferior towards the feet; below
medial towards the middle
lateral towards the side
proximal closest to the point of attachment
distal farthest from the point of attachment
superficial towards the outside
deep towards the inside
transverse plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions
coronal (frontal) plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal plane divides the body into right and left portions
cranial cavity region of the body containing the brain
vertebral cavity region of the body containing the vertebrae and spinal cord
thoracic cavity region of the body containing the heart, lungs, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland
abdominal cavity region of the body containing the stomach, some intestines, the kidney, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen
pelvic cavity region of the body containing the bladder, rectum, and the internal reproductive organs
right upper quadrant (RUQ)
left upper quadrant (LUQ)
right lower quadrant (RLQ)
left lower quadrant (LLQ)
right hypochondriac region
left hypochondriac region
right lumbar region
left lumbar region
right iliac region
left iliac region
epigastric region
hypogastric region
umbilical region
Give the three components of a homeostatic system: receptor, control center, effector
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Created by: liachristine