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MT Ch2

Abdomin/o abdominal
Adip/o fat
Aden/o gland
Anter/o front or before
Caud/o tail or lower part of the body
Carcin/o cancerous
Cephal/o head
Chondr/o cartilage
Cyt/o cell
Dem/o population
Dors/o back of the body
Gen/o producing
Hist/o tissue
Home/o constant
Idi/o peculiar to the individual
Ili/o hip bone
Lumb/o lower back
Path/o (-pathy) disease
Pelv/o pelvis
Physi/o nature or physical
Poster/o back or toward the back
Ventr/o belly side of the body
-crine to secrete
-oma tumor
-plasia formation
-plasm formative material
-stasis control
-trophy development
A- without
Ana- excessive
En-/ Endo- within
Epi- above
Eti/o cause
Exo- out of
Pan- entire
Genetic Disorders pathologic conditions caused by absent or defective genes
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) condition in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with abnormally thick mucus
Down Syndrome condition that is associated with characteristic facial appearance/learning disabilities/physical abnormalities such as heart valve disease
Hemophilia (hemo) bleeding disorder
Huntington’s Disease condition characterized by nerve degeneration
Muscular Dystrophy condition characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement
Phenylketonuria (PKU) condition characterized by a missing essential digestive enzyme that can lead to severe mental retardation if left undectected/untreated
Tay-Sachs Disease fatal condition in which harmful quantities of fatty substance build up in tissues and nerve cells in the brain
Aplasia the defective development or congenital absence of an organ/tissue
Hypoplasia incomplete development of an organ/tissue
Anaplasia change in the structure of cells and their orientation to each other
Dysplasia abnormal development of tissues/cells
Hyperplasia abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in a tissue
Hypertrophy general increase in the bulk of a body part/organ due to an increase in size of cells in the tissues
Indirect contact spread of disease through contact with contaminated surface/object
Bloodborne spread of disease through contact with blood or body fluids containing blood
Airborne spread of disease through contact with respiratory droplets (cough/sneeze)
Food-borne and water-borne spread of disease by eating/drinking contaminated food/water that has not been properly treated/prepared
Endemic ongoing presence of a disease within a population (Ex: the common cold)
Epidemic sudden/widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area (Ex: measles)
Pandemic outbreak of disease occurring over a large geographic area or worldwide (Ex: AIDS)
Functional disease symptoms for which no physiological/anatomical cause can be identified (Ex: irritable bowel syndrome)
Iatrogenic illness unfavorable response to medical treatment (Ex: side effects from medication)
Idiopathic disease illness without known cause (Ex: Crohn’s disease)
Infectious disease caused by living pathogenic organisms (Ex: flu)
Nosocomial Infection infection acquired in a hospital or clinical setting
Organic Disease caused by detectable physical changes in the body (Ex: Diabetes)
Congenital Disorder abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
Exocrine secrete substances into ducts that lead into organs or out of the body (Ex: sweat gland)
Endocrine produce hormones that a secreted into the bloodstream to be transported to other organs
Epidemi/o among people
-ology study of
-ologist specialist
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
Dys- bad, difficult, painful
-itis inflammation
Umbilic/o umbilicus (belly button)
A anterior
Abd abdomen
anat anatomy
CD communicable disease
CH chromosome
cyt cytology or cytoplasm
D dorsal
epid epidemic
hemo hemophilia
Histo histology
P physiology or posterior
umb umbilical
ventr ventral
Midsagittal Plane divides body along the midline into right and left
Frontal Plane divides body into anterior and posterior
Transverse Plane divides body into superior and inferior
Histologist specialist in the structure and composition of tissues
Pathologist specialist in the analysis of tissue samples to establish a diagnosis
Cytologyst specialist in the study of cells
Geneticist specialist in genetics
CF Cystic Fibrosis
PKU Phenylketonuria
Created by: vorachekt