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science vocabulary

trait the different forms of charactoristics
heredity the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
genetics of,related to or produced by genes
Gregor Mendel the scientist who discovered the principles of heredity in the monastery garden
dominant trait the trait observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred
recessive trait a trait that appears in the second generation often disappearing in the first generation when parents with different traits are bred
Genes one set of instructions for an inherited trait
alleles one of the alternative form of a gene that governs a charactoristic
phenotype an organisms appearance or other detectable charactoristic
genotype the entire genetic makeup of a organism
purebred a plant with 2 domenint or 2 recessive alleles
hybrid a plant that has a genotype (PP)
probability the likelihood that a possible future will occur in any given instance of the event
punnet square a graphic used to predict the results of a genetic cross
meiosis a copying process that produces cells with half the usual # of chromosomes
selective breeding organism with desirable characteristics are mated
inbeeding the production of offspring from the mating of breeding of individuals or organisms that are closely related genetically
hybridization to breed or cause the production of a hybrid
cloning a cell, cell process, that is genetically identical to the unit or individual from which it were derived
DNA a nucleus acid that is the main constitute of the chromosomes of all organisms
mutation a sudden departure from the parent type in one or more heritable characteristics caused by a change in a gone or a chromosome
genetic engineering a technology in which the genomine of a living cell is modified for medical or industrial use
Created by: xraybolt27