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Indigo Module

Indigo Reverse Definitions

systemic lupus erythematosus A chronic disease of unknown origin, commonly marked by an erythematous rash on face and other areas exposed to sunlight. Involves vascular and connective tissue degeneration.
bulla A vesicle or blister larger than 1 cm in diameter.
ichthyosis Abnormal condition of dryness or scales.
trichomycosis Abnormal condition of hair fungus.
onychocryptosis Abnormal condition of hidden nail.
amastia Absence of breast.
urticaria Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives.
antifungals Alter the cell wall of fungi or disrupt enzyme activity, resulting in cell death.
dermatome An instrument to cut skin.
ulcer An open sore or lesion that extends to the dermis and usually heals with scarring.
neoplasm Any new and abnormal growth.
purpura Any of several bleeding disorders characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues, particularly beneath the skin or mucous membranes, producing ecchymoses or petechiae.
allergy skin test Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patient's sensitivity to it.
impetigo Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture.
hemangioma Benign tumor of dilated blood vessels.
melanoma Black tumor.
topical anesthetics Block sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers and mucous membranes.
malignant Cancerous.
chemical peel Chemical removal of the outer layer of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratosis; also called chemabrasion,
eczema Chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterzed by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts and scabs accompanied by intense itching (pruritis; also called atopic dermatitis.
psoriasis Chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery, adherent scales caused by excessive development of the basal layer of the epidermis.
albinism Congenital, non-pathological, partial or total absence of pigment in skin, hair and eyes.
scabies Contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact.
protectives Cover, cool, dry or soothe inflamed skin.
integument Covering.
eschar Dead matter that is sloughed off from the surface of the skin, especially after a burn.
corticosteroids Decrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system's inflammatory response to tissue damage.
keratolytics Destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off or shed.
cellulitis Diffuse (widespread), acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
peau d'orange Dimpled skin resembling an orange peel.
vesicle Elevated, circumscribed, fluid-filled lesion less than 0.5 cm in diameter.
wheal Elevated, firm, rounded lesion with localized skin edema swelling) that varies in size, shape and colour, paler in the center than its surrounding edges, accompanied by itching.
verruca Epidermal growth caused by a virus, also known as warts. Types include plantar warts, juvenile warts, and venereal warts.
hyperesthesia Extreme sensitivity to sensory stimuli, especially pain or touch.
macule Flat, pigmented, circumscribed area less than 1 cm in diameter.
Bowen disease Form of intraepidermal carcinoma characterized by red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a patch of psoriasis or dermatitis; also called Bowen precancerous dermatosis.
synthesize Forming a complex substance by the union of simpler compounds or elements.
tinea Fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm.
androgen Generic term for an agent (usually hormone, such as testosterone and androsterone) that stimulates development of male characteristics.
adenopathy Gland disease.
scleroderma Hard skin.
dermatomycosis Infection of the skin caused by fungi.
hidradenitis Inflammation of a sweat gland.
onychia Inflammation of the nail bed, frequently with loss of the nail.
thelitis Inflammation of the nipple.
dermatitis Inflammation of the skin.
pressure ulcer Inflammation, sore, or skin deterioration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissues, usually in elderly bedridden persons; also known as decubitus ulcer.
acne Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin with characteristic lesions that include blackheads, inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts; usually associated with seborrhea; also called acne vulgaris.
antihistamines Inhibit allergic reactions of inflammation, redness, and itching caused by the release of histamine.
pruritus Intense itching.
laceration Irregular tear in the flesh.
antiparasites Kills insect parasites, such as mites and lice.
culture & sensitivity Laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area (such as an ulcer, wound or pus from an infection) in order to identify the specific infecting bacterium and then determine its sensitivity to antibiotic drugs.
dermis Layer of skin under the epidermis, which contains living tissue, nerve endings, capillaries and lymphatics.
Mohs Layers of cancer-containing skin are progressively removed and examined until only cancer-free tissue remains.
excoriations Linear scratch marks or traumatized abrasions of the epidermis.
abscess Localized collection of pus at the sight of an infection (characteristically a staphylococcal infection)
vitiligo Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milt-white patches.
petechia Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin.
gangrene Necrosis or death of tissue.
benign Non-cancerous.
cicatrix Normal scarring.
congenital Noted at birth.
epidermis Outermost layer of skin with no blood or nerve supply.
nodule Palpable, circumscribed lesion, larger and deeper than a papule 0.6 to 2 cm), extends into the dermal area.
alopecia Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication, or a skin disease; also called baldness.
subcutaneous Pertaining to under the skin.
chloasma Pigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in yellowish brown patches or spots.
photodynamic therapy (PDT) Procedure in which cells selectively treated with an agent called a photo-sensitizer are exposed to light to produce a reaction that destroys cells.
keloid Raised firm, thickened scar that may grow for a prolonged period of time.
erythema Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries.
punch biopsy Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch.
needle biopsy Removal of a small tissue sample for examination using a hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe.
shave biopsy Removal of elevated lesions using a surgical blade.
debridement Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes or chemical agents.
biopsy Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination.
dermabrasion Rubbing (abrasion) using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away (abrade) the epidermis.
crustation Scab
abrasion Scrape
ecchymosis Skin discolouration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colours changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise.
dermatoplasty Skin grafting; repair of the skin.
patch skin test Skin test that identifies allergic contact dermatitis by applying a suspected allergen to a patch which is then taped on the skin, usually the forearm, and observing the area 24 hours later for an allergic response.
scratch skin test Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin; also called puncture or prick test.
intradermal skin test Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for a subsequent reaction.
dermatotherapy Skin treatment.
lentigo Small brown macules, especially of the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged or older person.
fissure Small slit or crack-like sore that extends into the dermal layer; could be caused by continuous inflammation and drying.
pustule Small, raised, circumscribed lesion that contains pus, usually less than 1 cm in diameter.
onychomalacia Softening of the nail.
tumor Solid, elevated lesion larger than 2 cm in diameter that extends into the dermal and subcutaneous layers.
papule Solid, elevated lesion less than 1 cm in diameter that may be the same colour as the skin or pigmented.
homeostasis State in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain an internal environment within tolerable levels, despite changes in the external environment.
mycology Study of fungus.
lumpectomy Surgical removal of a small breast tumor.
pachyderma Thick skin.
keratosis Thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart)
fulguration Tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric current; also called electrodesiccation.
antiseptics Topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria, thus preventing infections in cuts, scratches and surgical incisions.
xenograft Transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor and usually a pig and transferred to a human; also called heterograft.
synthetic graft Transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibres arranged in a lattice pattern.
allograft Transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person; also called homograft.
autograft Transplantation of healthy from one site to another site in the same individual.
skin graft Transplantation of healthy tissue to an injured site.
contusion, bruise Trauma with unbroken skin.
lipoma Tumor composed of fat cells.
comedo Typically small skin lesion of acne vulgaris caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin.
frozen section biopsy Ultrathin slice of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination.
subungual Under the nail.
pallor Unnatural paleness or absence of colour in the skin.
cryosurgery Use of subfreezing temperature (commonly liquid nitrogen) to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue, such as tumors, warts, and unwanted, cancerous or infected tissue.
ductule Very small duct.
pediculosis Infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or headgear
Created by: Barbara Ross