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Mapping Skills

Latitude, Longitude, Hemispheres and Mapping Vocabulary

TermDefinition
latitude distance measured in degrees north or south of the equator and lines are often called parallels.
longitude measurement in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian or International Date line. These lines are often called meridians.
Prime Meridian the longitudinal line that passes through Greenwich, England = 0 degrees
Equator latitudinal line that circles that globe halfway and separates the Northern and Southern hemisphere = 0 degrees
parallels horizontal line that circles east to west of a map starting at an equator
meridians Vertical lines on a map or globe running from North Pole to South Pole along Earth’s surface
symbols Drawing on a map that represents a real object
Legend also known as a key and lists the map symbols and their meanings
compass rose A circle divided into eighths It shows the four directions and directions between the four.
scale Feature that relates distances on a map to actual distances on Earth’s surface example: ( 1cm=5km)
globe three-dimensional model of Earth’s surface
distortion error in shape, size or distance
Map flat, two-dimensional model of Earth’s surface
grids intersecting lines on a map or globe that help us find places on earth
hemispheres halves of earth
cartographer mapmaker
continents 7 major land masses on earth
oceans the 5 bodies of salty water that make up most of the earth
Created by: s110h