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Ch 23 vocab

Act of Supremacy of 1534 A law enacted by the English Parliament, making the monarch the head of the church of england
Anabaptists Radical Protestant reformers who were condemned by both Lutherans and Catholics
Anglican (English Protestant) Church The official Protestant church of England with the monarch as its official head
Bill of Rights A law enacted by Parliament that established certain limits of Royal powers and the specific rights of English citizens
Cardinal Richelieu Secretary of state to King Louis XIV and principal architect of Royal absolution in France that was created under the Bourbon Monarchy
Counter Reformation series of measures that the Catholic church took in the 1540s to counterattack the Protestants including a thorough examination of doctrines and practices and emphasis on instruction of the young and of all Christians
Edict of Nantes Edict issues in 1598 by King Henry the IV of France which guaranteed freedom of worship to his french subjects
Elect A Doctrine made famous by John Calvin that posits the small notion that only a small minority of the human race is predestined for salvation
Glorious Revolution of 1688 The English revolt against the unpopular Catholic King James II and the subsequent introduction of certain Civil Rights restricting monarchic powers.
Great Elector (Frederick William) Frederick William of Prussia 1640-1688 one of the princes who elected the Holy Roman Emperor
Habsburg Dynasty the family that controlled the The Holy Roman Empire after the 13th century based in Vienna, they ruled Austria until 1918
Hanoverian Dynasty The dynasty of British monarchs after 1714 from the German duchy of Hanover
Ignatius of Loyola 1491-1556 Major Figure of the Catholic counter reformation who founded the society of Jesus or Jesuits
Intendants The travelling officials appointed originally by Cardinal Richelieu to monitor the honesty of efficiency of provincial French Authorities
Ivan the Terrible 1530-1584 the first ruler of Russia to assume the title of Tsar. He overcame Mongol resistance to extend the Russian empire into Siberia.
The Institutes of the Christian Religion John Calvins major work that established the theology and doctrine of the Calvinist Churches first published in 1536
Jesuit Order Also called the Society of Jesus a Catholic religious order founded in 1547 to combat Protestantism
John Calvin 1509-1564 French theologian who developed the system of Christian theology which included the idea of predestination
Justification of Faith Doctrine held by Martin Luther whereby Christian faith alone and not good works could be the path to salvation
King Henry VIII 1491-1547 King of England 1509 until his death in 1547 He defied the pope by signing the Act of Supremacy which established the monarch as the supreme head of the Church of England
Louis XIV King of France 1643-1715 famous as the leading Bourbon practitioner of royal absolutism and the builder of the Royal chateau at Versailles
Martin Luther 1483-1546 Began the protestant reformation with his famous 95 theses. Also Noted for his translation of the Bible into German.
95 Theses The Challenge to church authority publicized by a German monk October 31 1517
Peace Of Augsburg Pact ending the German religious wars in 1555 dividing the country between Lutheran and Catholic hegemony
Puritants The English Calvinists who were dissatisfied by the theology of the Church of England and wished to "purify" it
Queen Elizabeth I Last monarch of the Tudor dynasty She ruled England in 1588-1603 a political genius she united Britons and managed to settle the quarrels between Protestants and Catholics in her realm
Reformation The 16th century upheaval that modified or in some cases rejected altogether some Catholic doctrine and practices led to the establishment of Protestant Churches
Restoration (English) The periods of the 1660s-1680s when Charles II was called by Parliament to take his throne and was thus restored to power
Romanov Dynasty ruled Russia from 1613-1917
The Treaty of Utretch Treaty signed in 1713 that ended the War of the Spanish Succession. A defeat for King Louis XIV of France, it gave Britain access to the valuable trade of the Spanish Caribbean Islands
Treaty of Westphalia the Treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648 the first modern peace treaty in that it established strategic and the territorial gains as more important than religious or dynastic ones
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