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# BAS 04 Cardpulmo

The pulmonary artery takes blood to the… Lungs
The aorta takes blood to the Body
The heart has four chambers; the smaller ones are called: Atria
The larger chambers of the heart are called: Ventricles
The heart is enclosed in a double wall membrane called the: Pericardium
The inner layer of the heart is called the: Endocardium
The muscle layer of the heart is called: Myocardium
The heart contracts and relaxes based upon signals from its electrical conduction system. This activity is measured in a test called: EKG/ECG
These blood vessels take blood back to the heart. They have one-way valves. These blood vessels are called… veins
The smallest things are known as: Venules
The smaller branch of an artery is called: An arteriole
The smallest branch of an artery is: The capillary
The bicuspid and tricuspid valves of the heart prevent: Backflow of blood into the atria.
The action of the heart has two phases, they are: systole (contraction) and diastole (relaxation)
Tachycardia is: A heartbeat over 100 beats/min
Bradycardia is: A heartbeat of less than 60 beats/minute
Arrhythmia is: An irregular heartbeat
Dysrhythmia is: A disease type of heartbeat
Coronary arteries supply blood to the: Heart
A hardening of the artery wall is called Arteriosclerosis
A hardening of an artery due to cholesterol plaques is called: Atherosclerosis
A reduced blood flow is called: Ischemia
Reduce blood flow to the heart can cause chest pain which is known as: Angina
Tissue death is referred to as: Necrosis, infarct
Heart muscle death is called Myocardial infarct
High blood pressure is called Hypertension
Sinuses help: Filter the air that you breathe in.
The trachea is The entry to the respiratory system. It is supported by cartilage and the inside is lined with cilia and mucous membrane.
The trachea branches to form: The Bronchi
The bronchi will branch and form: Bronchioles
Air sacs are located at the ends of the: Bronchioles
The air sacs are called: Alveoli
Red blood cells pick up oxygen at the: Alveoli
Red blood cells release carbon dioxide at the: Alveoli
The diaphragm is a muscle of the muscle that helps you in Hal and exhale is the: Diaphragm
Muscles in the ribs that help move the rib cage when breathing are called the: Intercostal muscles
Asthma is a condition in which: The bronchioles constrict and reduce airflow.
Hyperventilation is: Rapid breathing
Apnea is: The temporary absence of breathing
Created by: rjmtoss