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6th Grade Midterm

Chapters 1-3

What is the chemical process by which a plant produces food? photosynthesis
Any growth response of a plant to a condition in its environment is what? tropism
The transfer of pollen from the stamen to the pistil is what? pollination
The pigment that gives a plant its green color is what? chlorophyll
A colorful leaf surrounding certain flowers such as the dogwood and the poinsettia is what ? bracts
The pores on the underside of a leaf is what ? stomata
The waxy substance that coats the leaf is what ? cuticle
The tough, fibrous material used to form the cell walls of plants cellulose
"Packages" of chlorophyll found in leaf cells Chloroplast
A particularly deep main root Taproot
A layer of thick, protective cells at the tip of the root is the root cap
Plants store sugar in their roots in the form of? starch
An especially large vein running up the middle of many leaves is a Midrib
An scientist who studies plants is called a botanist
The part of a plant that is under ground root system
The main function of this is to absorb water and minerals from the ground? root
Spanish moss is a type of __?__. epiphyte
The smallest of all green plants are __?__. algae
The green plants that have no true leaves, stems, or roots are __?__. moss
A plant that does not die after one season of growth but continues to live and grow for many seasons is called a(n) perinnial
A plant that lives for two years and then dies is a(n) __?__. biennial
Scientists who study trees are called __?__. dendrologist
An invertebrate that has an external skeleton, a segmented body, and jointed appendages is a(n) _______________. arthropods
The tough material from which the external skeleton is made is called _______________. chitin
Most insects undergo a transformation in appearance known as ____________________. metamorphosis
The process in which an insect sheds its external skeleton is called _________________. molting
An animal that is active at night is called ___________________. nocturnal
The tiny hairs on a spider’s body that are very sensitive to vibrations are called __________. setae
Scientists who study insects are called __________________________. entomologists
The process of arranging animals or other things into groups according to their similarities is called ____________. classification
An insect’s ____________________ help it to feel, hear, and taste. antannae
The stages of incomplete metamorphosis are egg, _______________, and adult nymph
Spiders have _______________ legs. 8
Spiders have two distinct body regions, an abdomen and a ________________. cephalothorax
Spiders breathe by means of _________________. booklungs
Many young spiders leave the nest by sailing away on silk strands, a practice called __________________. ballooning
The spider that weaves a sheet web on a small portion of the ground is the ___________. platform spider
The spider that is the largest in the world is the _________________. tarantula
The very poisonous spider with a dark violin-shaped mark on its body is the __________. brown recluse
The arachnid that has a long tail with a poisonous, needlelike point on the end is called a _________________. scorpion
The strength of an earthquake is called its _____________. magnitude
_______________ weathering occurs when natural acids slowly eat into a rock, breaking it apart. chemical
The temperature of rocks increase or decrease with depth? increases
A ___________________is created when trapped gases blast through the earth’s surface. vent
A ________________ allows molten rock and hot gases to escape from within the earth. volcano
Magma that has reached the earth's surface is called lava
Running along the edge of the Pacific Ocean, the _____ is named for its many volcanoes Ring of Fire
A depression found at the top of a volcano is called a crater
Holes or cracks which serve as escape vents for underground gases are called fumaroles
Smaller fragments of molten rock that solidify almost instantly are called lapilli
Be able to label the sepals, pistil, stamen, petals, ovule, and ovary See labels in book
Which flower family has petals in multiples of 3 and grows from bulbs? lily
Which flower family has 5 petals and fruits that grow in pods? pea
Which flower family has small flowers and two-part leaves and reproduces without flowers? grass
Which flower family has petals in multiples of 5 and includes apples and cherries? rose
Which flower family is the largest flowering family and has two types of flowers that make up the "one big flower"? composite
Created by: misschapman