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EDUC 245

Final review

Describe the role of religion in Colonial American education. Religion was how education was run, religion controlled curriculum, who the teacher was. The purpose of education was the be right with your god and your religion.
What did the New England colonies see as the primary purpose for education? Why? Read and understand the scriptures. Because man is evil by nature and that nature must be controlled by education
What roles did Thomas Jefferson have in the transformation of our education system? "show me a nation that is both free and ignorant and I will show you a nation that never has and never will be". education is needed for democracy to function. founded UVA. father of American education. wall of separation between church and state.
What were the contributions to education by Horace Mann? created the modern school board system. father of modern education. more taxes, higher pay for teachers, enhance curriculum to students. teacher training. tax citizens for schools. formed common/standardized curriculum. what school looks like today.
Discuss the 1st amendment "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof," (the majority shall make no law)
1st amendment and its impact on religion and public education and teachers. not allowed to endorse a particular religion because they are seen as a representative of the state not an individual
What is the 3 prong "Lemon Test" for governmental involvement in religion? 1. Statute must have a secular legislative purpose. 2. The principal or primary effect must be one that neither advances nor inhibits religion. 3. Behavior cannot make you entangled in the religious action?
Describe West Virginia v. Barnette. require salute to the flag be part of all public schools. a Jehovah witness because they only pledge allegiance to God and doing so to the flag was against their religion. Supremem court ruled this unconstitutional
Describe Tinker v. DesMoines. students decide to wear black armbands to protest the Vietnam conflict. Lower courts rule in favor of school as "reasonable in order to prevent disturbance of school discipline". Supreme Court declared violation of the to "free speech".
Describe Stafford v. Redding. Accusation student had Ibuprofen. Search of locker and purse finds nothing. Followed by strip search by nurse and administrator.S.C found that strip search, even with particularized suspicion, goes too far unless great danger to student or others exist.
Discuss the 4th amendment 4th amendment secures people in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against searches and seizures. In court there must be probable cause to get a warrant.
4th amendment and its impact on free speech and the right to privacy in the public schools. two parts: 1. does the student have an expectation of privacy ? 2. is the expectation of privacy one that others would agree is reasonable ?
Identify and discuss the 2 compelling conditions that allow public schools to regulate free speech and privacy. There must be reasonable suspicion. 1. safe and orderly environment. 2. Teaching and learning (main reason) threat, officials are allowed to act upon reasonable suspicion is a lower standard than probable cause
contributions to education made by john dewey founder of functional psychology and a major voice in progressive education . he criticizes the traditional education system.
John Dewey : Free Activity learning through experience - the acquisition of skills as a means of attaining and which are vital and appealing to students
fourteenth Amendment Due process: designed to protect innocent people from being wrongly accused
14th amendment : due process in public schools necessary only when a student is being denied something to which the student has a protected interest . its not required for punishments that do not deny a student his or her rights
14th amendment: procedural due process need: proper notice and an opportunity to be heard - hearing that is conducted fairly
Created by: thanzali