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Anatomy and Physiology

How many bones are there in the human body? 206
What are the two groups of bones called? Axial and Appendicular
List the bones of the Axial Skeleton Cranium, Sternum, Ribs, Vertebral Column
List the bones of the Appendicular Skeleton Clavicle, Scapula, Humerus, Radial, Ulna, Carpals, Metacarpals, Femur, Tibia, Fibula, Phalanges, Ilium, Ischium, Pubis
What are the five different types of bone? Long, Short, Flat, Irregular, Sesamoid
What is the hard outer edge of a long bone called? Periosteum
How many vertebra are there? 24
How many vertebra in the cervical region? 7
How many vertebra in the thoracic region? 12
How many vertebra in the lumbar region 5
What are the five functions of the skeleton? Support, Movement, Protection, Mineral Store, Blood Cell Production
What are the three types of joint? Immovable, Slightly Movable and Freely Movable (Synovial)
Movement towards the midline is called? Adduction
Action of turning the sole of the foot inwards is called? Inversion
Decreasing the angle at a joint is called? Flexion
Raising your toes up towards the shin is called? Dorsi-flexion
Palm facing up is called? Supination
Increasing the angle at the joint is called? Extension
Movement away from the midline is called? Abduction
Name one place in the body where rotation takes place Neck at C1 and C2
How many Synovial Joints are there? 6
Name all the Synovial Joints? Gliding, Hinge, Pivot, Ball and Socket, Saddle and Condyloid
What is the function of Hyaline Cartilage? Reduces friction and acts as a shock absorber
What connects bone to bone? Ligament
What is the function of the synovial membrane? Produces synovial fluid
What connects muscle to bone? Tendon
What is the function of synovial fluid? To lubricate the joint
How many Muscles are there in the human body? Over 600
What are a bundle of fibres called? Fascicle
What is the smallest contractile unit of a muscle called? Sarcomere
What are the two contractile proteins called? Actin and Myosin
Name the three types of muscles Smooth, Cardiac and Skeletal
Name the different types of muscle fibres Slow, Fast Twitch A, Fast Twitch B
In relation to Group Action of Muscles, list the four groups Agonist, Antagonist, Synergist, Fixators
Name the four major muscles in the front of the thigh Vastus Medialis, Vastus Intermedialis, Vastus Lateralis and Rectus Femoris
Name the three major muscles in the back of the thigh Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus and Biceps Femoris
Name the muscle running alongside the shin? Tibialis Anterior
Created by: FarrellT