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Medical Assisting

Abandonment Failure to make arrangements for a patient's continued medical care.
Age of majority Legal status of adulthood, as recognized by the state.
Against medical advice (AMA) Designation for a patient who leaves the hospital even though his doctor disagrees with the decision to leave.
Agent Representative of a facility, hospital, or doctor's office who represents in word and action the supervising physician.
Assault Threat or perceived threat to do bodily harm to another person.
Battery Intentional act of touching another person in a socially unacceptable manner without her consent.
Breach of contract failure to comply with an established agreement as specified in a written contract.
Civil law Branch of private law that deals with accidental, rather than intentional, injury to a person or personal property
Criminal law Branch of public law that deals with the rights and responsibilities of the government to maintain public order
Damages Monetary award paid by the physician to the patient as directed by the court
Defamation Providing false information (written or spoken) that causes harm to the reputation of another.
Defendant Person accused in a court law.
Deposition Formal method of gathering information in which a person testifies to the actions of herself and coworkers.
Durable power of attorney Written legal designation of a person to make medical decision on behalf of another person.
Emancipated minor Person under the age of majority who has been declared by a court to be independent and responsible for his own debts.
Expert witness Person who is called to testify in court due to her status as an expert on a given subject or in a specialty.
Felony Serious crime against the public that is punishable by serving time in prison.
Fraud Intentional misrepresentation of a situation for financial gain.
Gross negligence Intentional failure to provide care or the commission of an act by an individual with reckless disregard for consequences that endanger a patient.
Implied consent Acceptance of treatment expressed through a patient's actions, such as rolling up his sleeve for blood pressure measurement.
Informed consent Document that a patient signs, which is a written agreement for treatment.
Libel Dishonoring or defaming a person through written documents.
Licensure Designation signifying that a person has met the standards and requirements of her profession and is legally able to offer specific services for monetary reimbursement.
Litigation In medicine, a legal action that determines the rights and remedies a patient can pursue in the event of suspected medical malpractice.
living will Written directions to a physician that instruct the physician about whether or not to maintain life-support systems in the event of a patient's terminal illness.
Malfeasance Unlawful act that causes harm.
Malpractice Action by a health care professional that injures a patient and fails to meet reasonable standards of professional care.
Negligence unintentional failure of a health care professional to meet his responsibilities to a patient, resulting in injury to the patient.
Noncompliance Failure of a patient to follow his physician's treatment plan.
Nonfeasance Failure of a health care professional or organization to perform a task or deliver a service, resulting in harm or injury to a patient.
Perjury Act of lying in court, despite taking an oath to tell the truth.
Plaintiff Person bringing charges in court.
Res ipsa loquitur Latin phrase meaning "The thing speaks for itself" and used in legal situations when negligence is clearly evident.
Respondeat superior Latin phrase meaning "Let the master answer" a legal doctrine that places responsibility on a physician for the actions of her employee.
Restitution Monetary compensation for a loss or injury.
Risk management Proactive management that seeks to reduce potential risk of a lawsuit before it occurs.
Scope of practice Range of services a professional can offer, based on training, ability, and licensure.
Slander Dishonoring or defaming a person through verbal attacks.
Statute Law.
Statute of limitations Law that sets a time limit within which a person can bring a lawsuit.
Subpoena Legal document that notifies a person that he is required to appear in court or be available for deposition.
Subpoena duces tecum Latin phrase meaning "bring with you under penalty of punishment," a legal documents that requires a person to appear in court with specified documents, such as patient records.
Tort Wrongful act committed by a person that causes harm to another person or property.
Vicarious liability Liability of an employer for the wrongdoing of an employee while on the job.
Created by: Gigglez1995