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Urinary/ Male Repro Review

Describe clean midstream urine. AKA Clean catch urine, in sterile container, Used for C&S, Special instructions necessary, Refrigerate within 20 minute of collection time.
Describe early morning specimen. More uniform volume and concentration, Lower pH preserves formed elements, Diagnose and monitor pregnancies
Describe the ureters. Merge from the renal pelvis; Slender, long tubes 10-12 inches; Carry urine from the kidneys to bladder.
Describe timed urine collection. 24-hour urine collections, Quantitative test, provides info about cumulative elements.
What are functions of the nephron? filtration, reabsorption, secretion
What are the macroscopic structures of the urinary system? Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
What are the 2 types of ATN? Acute tubular necrosis: ischemic; nephrotoxic
What carries blood to the glomerulus? What carries blood away from the glomerulus? to: afferent arteriole; away: efferent arteriole
What does the renal tubule consist of? proximal convoluted tubule; loop of Henle (descending/ascending); distal tubule; collecting tubule
What forms the ejaculatory duct? seminal vesicle and vas deferens
What is BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy): enlargement of the prostate gland
What is ESWL? extra corporeal shock-wave lithotripsy: calculi are pulverized using shock waves at the stones from a machine outside the body.
What is the function of the prostate gland? secrete an alkaline substance that protects sperm of the acidity of the urethra and vagina
Where are the kidneys located? abdominopelvic cavity; retroperitoneal
Created by: deyoht_kwa