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Social Studies

Chapter 2 lesson 1

silt loose soil carried by water
drought long periods without rain
levee a wall that keeps a river within its banks
irrigation a system of canals to bring water to crops
erosion the wearing away of soil by wind or water
Fertile Crescent a lush green area through which two rivers the Tigris and Euphrates flowed
How did two great rivers affect life in the Fertile Crescent? They made life possible in a dry region. However, the rivers also flooded the land.
What did the ancient Greeks call the region between the Tigris and the Euphrates? MESOPOTAMIA
Mesopotamia Land between the rivers
What does silt provide? made the region a good place for farming. Farmers in Southern Mesopotamia had to protect their fields from flooding.
How did the Mesopotamians use technology to control their water supply? They used levees to keep the flood waters back. They used irrigation to bring water to crops and fields. Flood Control and Irrigation.
Southern Mesopotamia Farmers in Southern Mesopotamia had to protect their fields from flooding each fall. During the spring and summer they needed water for their crops. This region only got a few drops of water each year.
Northern Mesopotamia had enough rain to make farming possible. Yet the earth of the northern plateau was rocky and bad for farming.
When did Agriculture begin in western Asia? about 8,500 years ago
What did the areas environment support? wild plants, wheat, barley. Animals, cattle, sheep and pigs.
What were the regions most important crops? wheat and barley
Why is modern Mesopotamia a desert now? Because of erosion
How did the Mesopotamians alter their region? Farmers planted near canal banks because trees need a a lot of water. People cut trees down which caused erosion.
What did the two great rivers provide? made it possible for farmers to raise surplus crops and develop some of history's early cultures. In time farmers grew more food than they needed.
How did the Tigris and Euphrates rivers affect life in Mesopotamia? Farmers raised surplus crops and they developed early cultures. They built irrigation canals. Farmers began producing more foods and not everyone had to be a farmer. People could be leaders, soldiers. Villages became cities.
Where is Mesopotamia? between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. begins in Turkey to Northern Iraq and the rivers flow to the Persian gulf.
Created by: troth624