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LCHS_CH 15 Joints

Diagnostic & Pathological Terms

BURSITIS bursa becomes inflammed and movement is limited and painful.
ACHONDROPLASIA iherited condition; bones of arms and legs fail to grow to normal size. (Dwarfism)
ARTHRODESIS bones are fused across the joint space by surgery when a joint is very painful or unstable.
ARTHRITIS Inflammation of the joints
GOUTY ARTHRITIS inflammation of the joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body.
OSTEOARTHRITIS degenerative disease characterized by loss of articular cartilage and formation of bone spurs on surfaces.
RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS chronic disease; joints become inflammed caused by an autoimmune reaction against joint tissue.
BUNION abnormal swelling of the medial aspect of the joint between the big toes and the first metatarsal bone.
CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist.
DISLOCATION displacement of a bone from its joint
GANGLION a fluid-filled cyst arising from the joint capsule or a tendon in teh wrist
LYME DISEASE recurrent disorder marked by severe arthritis, myalgia, malaise, and neurologic and cardiac symptoms.
SPRAIN trauma to a joint with pain, swelling, and injury to ligaments.
BURSAE closed sacs of synovial fluid lined with a synovial membrane located near a joint.
Created by: gtemple