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DTM Vocab

TermDefinition
Demographic Transition Model Explains how & why population grows at different rates around the word refers to the transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops
Industrial Having Highly Developed Industries
Industrial Revolution The transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
Crude Birth Rate The birth rate is the total number of births per 1000 of a population each year
Crude Death Rate Measure of the number of deaths in a population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
Natural Increase The percentage growth of a population over a year as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population.
Total Fertility Rate Number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime bearing years.
Infant Mortality Rate infant death rate: the death rate during the first year of life
Zero Population Growth The maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to only what is needed to replace the existing population.
Primary Economic Activity economy making direct use of natural resources
Infrastructure the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise
Subsistence Farming farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
Agricultural Production Cultivating land, producing crops, and raising livestock for sustenance and economic gain
Replacement Babies Women had an increase of births because babies would probably not make it to their first year as replacements/substitutes.
Famine extreme scarcity of food
Epidemic A widespread of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time
Pandemic Disease prevalent over a whole country or the world
Agricultural revolution The development of crop and animal raising as a food source among human communities to supplement hunting and gathering.
Mechanization the changing of a process to machines than humans and animals
The Medical Revolution the leap of medical knowledge in stage 2 of the demographic transition
Created by: 10010878