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Industrial Rev

Industrial Revolution *A change from man made goods to machine made goods *farming to factories *1700's-early 1800's *US doesn't industrialize until mid 1800's
Agricultural Revolution *caused industrial revo to start in GB *machines used to advance crop production
Advances in Agriculture *crop rotation- putting nutrients back into the soil by rotating crops every year or two so the field is useful each year *extra crops=food production *sell crops/buy animals and feed them the extra crops *that provided meat to eat or more things to sell
New Farm Machines *J. Tull- seed drill; set seeds in organized patterns *Iron plows- easier and faster to plow, more durable *1800's *mechanical reapers, threshers=easier harvesting
Impact of New Machines *harvest more, plant more, less people to pay for labor *middle class benefits the most because they own the most land
Enclosure Movement *wealthy landowners start claiming land that use to be public land *made land private property *ag. more efficient *led to more experiments \*forced small farmers off land= tenant farmers to emigrate into town
Impacts of Ag. Revolution **increased food supply **improved diet and health of ppl **that caused increased population and peasants to have jobs *less farmers needed=new labor force
Textile Industry *Domestic system(1500's-1600's) *cloth cleaned, spun and weaved *problems- slow process and high prices
Mechanical Inventions *J. Kay- Flying Shuttle= + weaving process *James Hargreaves, spinning jenny= 1 person spins several threads at once *Richard Arkwright, water frame, spun 100 spindles, used H2O power *Crompton, spinning mule improved Har and Ark's *E. Whitney, cotton gin
Factory System *built b/c new machines large and expensive, needed water to run *replaced domestic system
Steam Engine *James Watt improve earlier steam engine *Improves industry and transportation
Iron and Coal Industries *new machines=increased need for iron and coal *GB has large supply of coal and ore *developments increase production of iron *H. Bessemer-1850's *helped remove impurities= stronger steel=better railroads, machines, and equipment
Transportation and Communication Advances *better roads (stone surfaces) *steam engine=railroads, steam ships *steel=faster trains *Impacts: transportation, cheaper, easier, faster, better for moving
Why Britain led the Industrial Revolution? *resources, money, stable government, waterways to transport, still recovering from revolution, trade/imports, navy, water power
John Kay Invented the flying shuttle for weaving
James Aergreaves made a faster way to spin thread by attaching several spindles to one spinning wheel
Factory system *running water=power source *replaced domestic system *workers/machines brought to one place
Development of the Iron and Coal Industries *charcoal used to heat ore *henry cort-puddling process made iron stronger and less likely to crack -producing sheets of iron *bessemer process-cold air blown through heated iron got rid of impurities
Advances in transportation and communication *canal building *road building *railroad industry *the rocket, first steam powered locomotive *steam powered boats *postal system *morse developed telegraph
Created by: 18sextonjerriann