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muscular system 2

Contracture Permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
Dorsiflexion Bends the foot upward at the ankle
Dyskinesia Distortion or impairment of voluntary movement such as a tic or spasm
Dystonia Is a condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement
Electromyography Diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation which is used when people have symptoms of weakness and examination shows impaired muscle strength
Electroneuromyography Nerve conduction studies
Epicondylitis Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
Ergonomics Study of the human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
Exercise Physiologist Specialist who works under the supervision of a physician to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs, and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness
PRONATION Turning the palm of the hand downward or backward
MYOPARESIS Weakness or slight muscular paralysis
PARAPLEGIA Paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
QUADRIPLEGIA Paralysis of all four extremities
MYOCLONUS Sudden involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles
MYOLYSIS Degeneration or breaking down of muscle tissue
TENORRHAPHY Surgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon
OBLIQUE Meaning slanted or at an angle alignment
TENOLYSIS Release of a tendon from adhesions
PHYSIATRIST Physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function
SPRAIN Injury to a joint, such as an ankle, knee or wrist involving a stretched or torn ligament
NOCTURNAL MYOCLONUS Jerking of the limbs that can occur normally as a person is falling asleep
SARCOPENIA Loss of muscle mass, strength, and function that comes with aging
MYASTHENIA GRAVIS Chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles
POLYMYOSITIS inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body mainly affecting those muscles closest to the trunk or torso resulting in severe weakness
INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION Pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest due to poor circulation associated with peripheral vascular disease
MYOCELE Herniation or protrusion of muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it
TENODESIS Surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
PLANTAR FASCITIS Inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot causing foot or heel pain when walking or running
IMPINGEMENT SYNDROME inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint
MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY genetic disease that are characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement, without affecting the nervous system
TENODYNIA Pain in a tendon
MYORRHAPHY Surgical suturing a muscle wound
SHIN SPLINT Painful condition caused by the muscle tearing away from the tibia (shin bone) caused by repeated stress to the lower leg such as running on hard surfaces
MYOTONIA Neuromuscular disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction
SPHINCTER Ring like muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway
PARALYSIS Loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in a muscle through disease or injury to it’s nerve supply
MYOFASCIAL RELEASE Specialized soft tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome, movement restrictions, temporomandibular joint disorders and carpal tunnel syndrome
bi- 2
-cele hernia
dys- bad
fasci/o- fascia
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
-ia condition of
-ic pertaining to
kinesi/o- movement of
my/o- muscle
-plegia paralysis
-rrhexis rupture
tax/o- coordination
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o- tendon
ton/o- tone, tension, stretching
tri- 3
Created by: hayes8044