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Cells Santiago

Plant and Animal Cells

ribosomes where amino acids hook together to build proteins
Golgi complex (bodies, apparatus) processes, packages, and stores fats and proteins produced by the endoplasmic reticulum ( ER )
cytoplasm watery fluid that fills the cell that the organelles are floating around in
nucleus control center of the cell, stores DNA in the form of chromatin. Directs all the activities of the cell.
nucleolus dark spot in the nucleus where ribosomes are made.
nuclear membrane also known as the nuclear envelope
cell membrane also called plasma membrane. It is a phospholipid bi-layer that controls movement in and out of the cell.
mitochondria the powerhouse of the cell. The site of cellular respiration and where ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is made.
rough ER (endoplasmic reticulum) transport system that produces proteins and is covered with ribosomes.
vacuole (small) membrane enclosed structures that store materials such as water, starch, or fats. In animal cells, there are usually several small vacuoles.
central vacuole membrane enclosed structure that stores materials such as water, starch, or fats. In plant cells there is usually one large vacuole.
cell wall surrounds and protects the plant cell. Cell walls give the plant its characteristic shape. The cell wall of most plant and algae is made of cellulose.
chloroplast found only in plant cells, it contains chlorophyll, a green pigment which absorbs light to provide energy for photosynthesis.
smooth ER (endoplasmic reticulum) internal transport system that produces lipids (fats).
lysosomes contains digestive enzymes that break down large molecules into smaller particles such as wastes, cell parts, or foreign invaders. Referred to as the garbage men of the cell.
centrioles found only in animal cells. They form spindle fibers that help the chromosomes move during cell division.
Created by: ROHMS