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Columbus Vocabulary

Conquistadors Spanish soldier-explorers, especially those who conquered the natives of Mexico and Peru
Christopher Columbus discovered an island in the Caribbean, Hispaniola, claimed it for Spain
Francisco Pizzaro conquistador; attacked the Inca empire of Peru
Henan Cortes conquistador; attached the Aztecs of Mexico
Aztecs native cultural group of Mexico; they believed in human sacrifice
Incas native cultural group of Peru; they built earthquake resistant buildings
Florida means “flowery Easter”; discovered by Juan Ponce de Leon
Colony new settlement or territory established and governed by a country in another land
Presidios walled forts that soldiers lived in while protecting claim in the Americas of European nations
Missionaries people who travel to a territory or community in order to make converts to their religion
Trappers adventurers who capture and kill animals, such as beavers, for their fur
Jamestown 1st English colony in the United States
John Cabot claimed the first land of England in the US; this is the basis for England’s later claim to all of the US
Columbian Exchange A system of trade across the Atlantic between the new world and the old world that started with the voyage of Columbus and continues today. (World trade)
Triangular Trade Route A trade route with three major stops or three major points of origin. (North America to Europe to Africa and back)
Silk Road used to import silk, jewels, spices, weapons, paper, gunpowder, and perfumes/oils to wealthy Europeans from Asia.
New World America
Old World Europe
Explorer A traveler that wants to discover new things.
Cartography Map making
Created by: madelynlong