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Chapter 4 Vocabulary

Vocabulary from Chapter 4 of Colloquial Hungarian

akar wants
akkor then, well then
baj problem, trouble
bevásárlás shopping
deka (gramm) decagram, about 10 grams
eladó shop assistant
gyulai kolbász a kind of spicy sausage
hentesáru meat products
kér asks for, requests, would like
kolbász sausage
más other, else
paprikás something containing paprika
pár pair
paranscol orders
pulykasonka turkey bologna
szalámi salami
téliszalámi winter salami
tessék here you are
valami something
virsli frankfurter, hotdog
cseresznye cherry
fej head
friss fresh
gyümölcs fruit
Kérek szépen May I please have?
két / kettő two
lesz will be (infinitive form: lenni)
Mennyibe kerül? How much does it cost?
Mennyivel tartozom? How much do I owe you?
összesen all together
saláta lettuce
szépen nicely, kindly
tojás egg
tucat dozen
vöröshagyma red onion
zöldség vegetable
Note about accusative -t ending This is an 'accusative' ending that is attached to the direct object of a sentence.
Kérek még salátát és három vöröshagymát. I want more salad and three red onions.
Note about the plural ending, -k Use this if you want a plural noun to be the direct object of the sentence
Note about accusative ending for singular words that end in consonants Just add -t
Note about accusative ending for plural words that end in consonants Nouns that end in other consonants, use the linking vowels o / e / ö before the -k ending
Harminc deka téliszalámit kérek. I want 30 decagrams of winter salami.
öt pár virslit is kérünk. We would also like five pairs of hotdogs.
Van cseresznye? Are there cherries?
Friss a tojás?: Are the eggs fresh?
Kérek egy újságot. I would like a newspaper.
Kérek egy salátát. I would like a salad.
Kérek egy vöröshagymat. I would like a red onion.
Kérek egy csészet. I would like a cup.
Kérek kiló cseresznyet. I would like a kilogram of cherries.
Kérek egy tucat tojasok. I would like a dozen of eggs.
Természetesen. Of course.
Más valamit? Do you want anything else?
hány? How many?
kenyér bread
kifli crescent shaped roll
mákos kifli poppy seed roll
mennyi? How much?
pékáru baked goods
pékség bakery
zsemle round crusty roll
ajándék gift
azután then
biztosan surely
csinál does, takes
csokor bouquet
éhes hungry
elvisz takes
főz cooks
gyorsan quickly
itthon at home
kávé coffee
készit prepares, makes
kis / kicsí little
kocsi car
limonáde lemonade
mert because
mikor when?
nagyszerű excellent, wonderful
rend order
rendet csinál tidies up
siet hurries
szendvics sandwich
szerízben in the repair shop
utána afterwards
vesz buys
virág flower
Note about future tense in Hungarian This is indicated by using present tense verbs
Azután készítek szendvicseket. Then, I am going to prepare sandwiches.
és utána mit csinálsz? And what will you do afterwards?
lesz future form of van, "will be, becomes"
Százötven forint lesz összesen It will be 150 forints for everything.
Mennyi lesz? How much will that be?
Mikor leszel itthon? When will you be at home?
A szervíszben leszek. I will be in the car repair shop.
lenni infinitive form of lesz, "to become"
egy 1
kettő 2
három 3
négy 4
öt 5
hat 6
hét 7
nyolc 8
kilenc 9
tíz 10
Linking ending for numbers in the 10's -en
tizenegy 11
tizenkettő 12
tizenhárom 13
tizennégy 14
tizenöt 15
tizenhat 16
tizenhét 17
tizennyolc 18
tizenkilenc 19
Linking ending for numbers in the 20's -on
húsz 20
huszonegy 21
huszonkettő 22
huszonhárom 23
huszonnégy 24
huszonöt 25
huszonhat 26
huszonhét 27
huszonnyolc 28
huszonkilenc 29
harminc 30
negyven 40
ötven 50
hatvan 60
hetven 70
nyolcvan 80
kilencven 90
száz 100
ezer 1,000
egy millió 1,000,000
kilencvenkilenc 99
százkilencven 190
százkilencvenkilenc 199
kilencszáz 900
kilencszázkilenc 990
kilencszázkilencvenkilenc 999
kilencezer-kilenc 9009
kilencezer-kilencven 9090
kilencezer-kilencvenkilenc 9099
kilencezer-kilencszazkilencvenkilenc 9999
Note about két vs kettő and kis vs kicsi The word to use depends on the situation. If the word PRECEDES the noun it describes, then the shorter version is used. If the word is AFTER the noun it describes, then use the longer version (usually as an answer to a question).
két saláta Two salads.
kis kocsi Two cars.
Hány kiló alma ez? Kettő.
Ez a kocsi kicsi. This car is small.
Bocsánat Informal / Formal form of "Excuse me"
Elnézést Informal / Formal form of "Excuse me"
Bocs Formal form of "Excuse me"
Semmi baj No problem
Nem baj No problem
Semmi gond No trouble
Ugyan Oh well / come on / nevermind
Nem történt semmi Nothing happened
parancsol to order / to demand
Mit parancsol? What would you like? (singular)
Mit parancsolnak? What would they like? (plural)
Note about food measurements in Hungary Food products are measured by the kilogram: kilogramm, or informally: kiló Meat products and cheeses though are sold by decagrams: dekagramm, or deka in short Liquid items (milk, water) ware sold by the liter ('litre')
331-40-33 in Hungarian háromszázharmincegy-negyven-harminchárom
3-31-40-33 in Hungarian három-harmincegy-negyven-harminchárom
318-321 in Hungarian háromszáztizennyolc-háromszázhuszonegy
318-3-21 in Hungarian háromszáztizennyolc-három-huszonegy
3-18-321 három-tizennyolc-háromszázhuszonegy
3-18-3-21 három-tizennyolc-három-huszonegy
Different Forms of Tessék 1. answer the door: "Tessék!" = "Please come in!" 2. answer the phone,'Hálo', or 'Hálo, tessék' or 'Tessék!' 3. giving food, 'Please take some' 4. Tessék?: Used as a question to mean 'Pardon?'
Tessék tessék phrase used in the market to invite onlookers to their particular stand
Created by: SamB91