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Musculosketelal Wordlist

agonist the muscle(s) that produces the movement
amphiarthrosis slightly moveable joints
antagonist the muscle(s) that relaxes in order to allow a movement
appendicular skeleton consists of bones of the shoulders, hips, upper and lower extremeties.
arthritis inflammation of the joints
arthrodesis fusion/stabilization or binding of a joint
atlas the first vertebra which provides rotation of the skull
axial skeleton consists of the bones of the skull, thorax and vertebral column
bones principal organs of support and protection in the body
bone marrow found within larger bones; responsible for the production of blood cells
cervical vertebrae the seven vertebrae which form the skeletal framework of the neck
coccyx the tail of the vertebral columnm consisting of four or five fused vertebrae (tailbone)
compact bone hard, outer layer of bone
condyle rounded, articulating knob
crest a type of bone process that has a large ridge shape
diaphysis the shaft or long mail portion of the bone
diathrosis freely moveable joints
epiphysis the end or extremity of the bone
fascicle a bundle of muscle fibres
femorotibial pertaining to the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (lower leg bone)
fissure narrow, slit-like opening
flat bones provide a broad surface for muscular attachment and protection for internal organs (pelvic bone)
foramen prounded opening through a bone to accommudate blood vessels and nerves
fracture the breakage of a bone due to trauma or disease
gluteus maximus the large muscle of the buttocks
head prominent, rounded articulating end of a bone
ilium the lateral flaring portion of the hib bone; upper of the
intervertebral disks round structure with a gelatinous mass in the center that separates the vertebrae
involuntary that which occurs with no discretionary control usually a visceral muscle (heart action or perstalsis)
irregular bones all other bones taht cannot be grouped under other headings (vertebrae)
ischium the lower part of the hib bone
kyphosis an exaggerated outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae (hunchback, or humpback)
latissimus dorsi the large muscle of the back
ligament band of connective tissue taht connects bone to bone
long bones found in extremeities of the body (arms, legs, and fingers)
lordosis abnormal inward curvature of the spine (seen in pregnancy and obesity)
lumbar vertebrae the five vertebrae situated in the lower back which carry most of the weight of the torso
meatus opening or passage into a bone
metacarpectomy excision of the bones of the hand
muscles structures that contract providing movement of the bone
muscular tissue refers to all of the contractile tissue of the body; two main types are voluntary and involuntary
musculoskeletal system consists of bones, joints, and muscles, which provide the body with support, protection, and the ability to move
myelocele hernia of the spinal cord
osteoclasis to break a bone for therapeutic purposes
osteoblast a cell in the bone marrow that produces bone
osteoclast a cell in the bone marrow that reabsorbs bone
osteoma a bone tumour
osteoporosis bone pores or cavities resulting from a decrease in bone denisty
paraplegia paralysis of the lower spine and the lower portion of the truck and both legs
patellapexy surgical fixation of the kneecap
pelvimetry measurement of the pelvis
pelvis basin-shaped structure taht support the sigmoid colon, rectum, bladder and other soft organs of the abdominopelvic cavity
peristeum a dense fibrous membrane that covers the surface of the bone and contains blood and lymph vessels and nerves
phalangeal pertaining to the bones of the fingers and toes
podiatry foot treatment
pubis the third portion of the hipbone that is situated in front of the bladder
quadriplegia paralysis of the upper spine and all four extremeties
ribs a series of 12 pair of curved bones attached to the vertebral column which provides protection for internal organs
sacrum the 5 sacral vertebrae which are fused into a single bone
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
short bones bones that are as wide as tehy are long (ankles, wrists)
sinus cavity or hollow space in a bone
spina bifida a genetic disorder taht results in malformation of the spine due to imperfect joining of the vertebrae
sternocleidomastoid a muscle of the chest arising from the sternum and inner part of the clavicle
sternum breast bone/chest plate
substernal pertaining to undewr the sternum
synarthrosis immovable joints
syndactylism condition of fingers and toes being joined together (webbed)
tendon a strap composed of connective tissue that joins muscle to bone
thoracic vertebrae the 12 vertebrae which support the chest and serve as a point of articulation for the ribs
torticollis stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the neck muscle
trochanter very large, irregularly shaped process found out on the femur
tubercle small, rounded process
tuberosity large, rounded process
vertebrae the 26 bones which make up the adult vertebral column
voluntary that which is done with control. Usually a striated muscle such as the biceps (e.g. walking, blinking)
axis the second cervical vertebra which provides rotation of the skull
Created by: deyoht_kwa