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Food Science Unit 1

Intro to Food Science

1st Certified Color Regulations Certifies seven colors as acceptable for use in processed foods.
Delaney Clause Prohibits the use of any additive in food that is found to cause cancer.
Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act Defines dietary supplements and places the burden of proof for safety on FDA.
Fair Packaging and Labeling Act Requires all consumer products in interstate commerce to be honestly and informatively labeled.
Food Additives Amendment Requires the safety of a new additive to be established before requesting an approval for its use.
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act Expands the 1906 Food and Drug Act to cover cosmetics.
Gould Amendment Requires accurate labeling of food packages with weight, measure, or numerical count.
Meat Inspection Act Requires inspection of all meat sold across state lines.
Pure Food and Drug Act Prohibits interstate commerce of misbranded and adulterated food, drinks, and drugs.
Saccharin Study and Labeling Act Stops FDA from banning a chemical sweetener but requires a warning label on food products containing it.
List developments of pre-industrial era Discovery of cheese cooking over open flame non-mechanized farming equipment salting to preserve food drying to preserve foood
List developments of industrial era cake mixes self-rising flour first canning plant mechanized farming equipment pancake mixes baking powder
List developments of government regulations era FDA USDA Infant Formula Act Nutrition Labeling and Education Act Delaney Clause
Nutrition study of food components and how the body uses them to sustain life and health
The development helped scientists better understand the effects of bacteria on food spoilage and human health Microscope
What factor improved public opinion regarding cake and pancake mixes? Women entering the workforce because of World War II.
Define adulterate food and give an example Lowering the quality and safety of a product by adding inferior or toxic ingredients Examples include: Twigs in pepper, sulfuric acid in vinegar
Who is Harvey Wiley? the head chemist of the United States Department of Agriculture who helped develop the food and drug laws
The Food Code a guide to handling food safely
Describe organic foods Carbon-based; nutritious
Define food analog and give an example Natural or manufactured substances used in place of foods or food components Example: Splenda, Veggie Burger
What are the advantages of using cryogenic liquids to chill food? quick-freezing that help preserve food color, texture, and nutritive value, produces small ice crystals
Define food science (Essay) The study of nature of food, the causes of deterioration, the principles underlying food processing, and the improvement of foods for the consuming public.
Four benefits of studying food science (Essay) Increase exposure to a variety of career opportunities Enhance problem-solving skills Learn how to make healthier food choices Learn proper food preparation techniques Learn safe food handling practices
Created by: cthebaud