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week 1 terms

phlebotomy incision into the vein for the purpose of drawing blood
fleam a solid handle and blade that extends at a right angle from the handle; most often used for cattle
lancet bladed tool that flips open to expose the wedge shaped vein; earliest tools manufactured for bloodletting
leeches blood-sucking animal that are applied to an area for a duration of time and then removed with heat or fire
scarifications twenty razor blades bunched together that were used to scrape the surface of the skin
4 humors Blood, phlegm, black bile, yellow bile; first physician-led bloodletting practice; beleived that blood could stagnate, therefore blood must be let out
Hx of Barber Pole common barber shop poles represents the treatment performed by barberes. Red: blood, White: tourniquet used to tie off arm, Pole: stick a patient squeeezes to dilate veins
tourniquet a device (typically a flat strip of stretchy material) applied to a limb prior to venipuncture to restrict venous flow, which distends the veins and makes them easier to find and pierce with a needle
dilate to make wider or larger; cause to expand
blood letting the withdrawal of blood from a patient to cure or prevent illness and disease
transfusion common procedure in which blood is transferred from an IV into a vein
standard precaution a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with different infectious agents
biosafety term used to describe the safe handling of biologic substances that pose a risk to health
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
Hepatitis B hepatitis B virus; infects the liver; passed through blood, semen or other body fluids
Hepatitis C hepatitis C virus; infects the liver; passed through blood, semen or other body fluids; no vaccine available
Parenteral Administration when a medication is administered through anythign other than the digestive tract (mouth, rectum); Ex: IV
Contact Transmission direct and indirect transmission
Direct transmission Involves body-surface to body-surface contact and physical transfer
Indirect transmission Involves contact of susceptible host with a contaminated intermediate object; Ex: needles
Created by: ddickerson