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Vital Signs Review

telemetry unit step down from ICU
crash cart cart carrying supplies for immediate treatment of a heart attack
congestive heart failure (CHF) condition of a weakened heart to unable to pump all of the blood out of the lungs causing blood to pool at the bottom
stethoscope device that amplifies sound, used to listen to the heart and take blood pressure
endotracheal tube device inserted into the airway of a client who is about to receive a general anesthetic
sphygmomanometer device used to take blood pressure
emphysema disease characterized by gradual destruction of the alveoli
asthma disease that affects the air passages in the lungs, causing wheezing and shortness of breath
atrial fibrillation (AF) abnormal heart rhythm in which the chambers no longer beat in synchrony (heart rate is fast and irregular)
pneumonia acute infection of the tissues of the lungs
tracheostomy artificial airway through an incision in the trachea
height and weight anthropometric measurments
COLD/COPD any chronic lung condition in which the flow of expired air is slowed down
suctioning negative pressure to remove mucus, phlegm or other secretions
atherosclerosis arteriosclerosis because of fat deposits in arterial walls
physiotherapist assesses patients, devise deep breathing exercises
arterial blood gases assessment to determine the amounts of O2 and CO2 dissolved in the blood
sputum specimen mucous secretions from the airways, lungs or throat
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) damage to the brain when blood supply is diminished or stopped completely
myocardial infarct (MI) damage to the heart caused by a blockage in one of the coronary arteries cutting off blood supply
dyspnea difficulty breathing
pacemaker electronic device that regulates the heartbeat
hypertension (high blood pressure) excessive force of the blood against the vessel walls
bradycardia extremely slow heartbeat
oxygen therapy for clients who for any reason do not have enough oxygen in their blood
arteriosclerosis hardening of the arteries; reduces blood flow
temperature heat is produced by the body as it maintains normal body functions
vital signs important measurements of the body's state of health
hypoxia insufficient oxygen in blood or tissue
deep suctioning using a suction catheter into the lower trachea and bronchi (aka endotracheal suctioning)
hemorrhage loss of a large amount of blood
arrhythmia loss of normal rhythm of the heartbeat
pulse oximetry to determine oxygen levels in red blood cells in the arterial blood
rhonchi/wheeze musical-pitched sounds produced at auscultation when air passes through narrowed bronchi
"call the arrest" notify the appropriate people
respiration one full cycle of breathing
postural drainage positioning of the client with the head lower than the body to that gravity can help drain the mucus and secreations
thoracentesis procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lining of the outside of the lungs and the wall of the chest
nurse provides ongoing assessment and feedback about the client's oxygenation status
vibrations rapid movements of flattened hands over the client's chest to move secretions
extubate remove the endotracheal tube
inhalation therapy selected medications to be delivered by a mask, to treat asthma
crackles/crepitation sounds produced by air passing over airway secretions
endotracheal suctioning type of deep suctioning
oropharyngeal suctioning suctioning through the mouth to reach the mouth only or mouth and back of throat
nasopharyngeal suctioning suctioning through the nose to reach the mouth and throat
essential hypertension the cause of the increased pressure is idiopathic
blood pressure the force that the blood exerts on the arterial walls
diastolic pressure the pressure on the vascular walls when the heart is relaxing
systolic pressure the pressure on the vascular walls when the heart is contracting
the symptoms are always associated with disease, such as glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis or diseases of the adrenal glands
telemetry monitor traces heart's activity, readout displayed on small screen
humidifiers used for clients who are experiencing respiratory difficulties
clapping/percussion using cupped hands to gently but firmly strike affected regions of the chest to move secretions
pulse when the heart contracts it forces blood throughout the body by way of blood vessels
ABG arterial blood gases
AF atrial fibrillation
AFB acid-fast bacillus
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
BMI body mass index
BP blood pressure
CCU chronic care unit / cardiac care unit
CHF congestive heart failure
CO2 carbon dioxide
COLD chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CSM circulation, sensation, movement
CVA cardiovascular accident
DB+C deep breathing + coughing exercises
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DPI dry powder inhaler
FVC forced vital capacity
Ht height
ICU intensive care unit
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
MDI metered-dose inhaler
MI myocardial infarct
NMT nebulized mist treatment
O2 oxygen
PCP pneumocystis pneumonia primary care physician
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PRN as necessary
PFT pulmonary function tests
PVA peripheral vascular assessment
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
RTT respiratory therapist technician
RRCP registered respiratory care practitioner
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
SPD sterile processing department
TB tuberculosis
TIA transient ischemic attack
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
URI upper respiratory infection
Wt weight
Created by: Barbara Ross