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Syndromes, diseases, clinical definitions

what is Steven-Johnson Syndrome a condition that causes the skin to die and shed. it also effects and mucous membranes, it is rare, and serious
what is the usual cause of Steven-Johnson Syndrome medication allergy or an infection
what are some signs and symptoms of Steven-Johnson Syndrome redish/purplish blisters, a spreading rash, flu-like symptoms
when treating steven-johnson syndrome what is the focus eliminate the underlying cause, control the symptoms, minimizing the complications; if caused by a medication avoid the med and all others like it
what is Huntingtons Disease an inheirited desease that causes nerve degeneration in the brain.
when do most people with Huntingtons disease start developing symptoms around their 30's or 40's
when Huntington's Disease begins in 20's or earlier, what is it called juvenille Huntington's Disease
define chorea involuntary moving or writhing
define dystonia muscle rigidity or contraction
what are the movement symptoms of huntington's disease chorea, dystonia, slow/abnormal eye movements, impaired gait, impaired posture, impaired balance, difficulting with speech or swallowing
what are the cognitive symptoms of Huntington's disease difficulty organizing, focusing, and prioritizing tasks, preservation, lack of control (random outbursts, sexual promiscuity, acting without thinking), lack of awareness of thoughts or behaviors, slow processing, finding words, difficulty learning
what is preservation the inflexibility of thought, getting stuck on a a certain thought/idea/memory/behavior/action
what are some psychiatric disorders of huntingtons disease insomnia, social withdrawl, fatigue, loss of energy, frequent thoughts of death, suicide, feeling iritable, sad or apathetic, OCD, Mania, Bipolar Disorder
what are some behavioral symptoms of juvenille Huntingtons Disease loss of previously learned academic study or physical skills, rapid and significant drop in academic performance, behavioral problems,
what are some physical changes in juvenille huntingtons disease contracted rigid muscles, impaired gait, impaired fine motor skills, changes in hand writting, tremors, seizures
what causes skin to turn gray lack of oxygenated blood
what diseases would cause gray skin color late stage chronic kidney disease (renal failure), late stage terminal cancer, congestive heart failure, hematachromatosis (iron storage disease)
what conditions can cause gray skin color choking, anemia, aspiration pnuemonia, chronic infections (i.e. pulmonary TB), heart disease, emphysema, COPD
what is bullous disorder skin condition, causing large fluid-filled blisters usually occur in joint areas that flex (i.e. abdomen, armpit, upper thighs)
define dysarthria a motor speech disorder; usually caused by a brain injury (stroke, tbi, etc.)
what is exanthematous pustulosis an uncommon skin infection
what does exanthematous pustulosis look like starts as a rash in a specific location, then spreads. Red skin with small sterile pustules.
what causes pyelonephritis when a UTI spreads to involve the upper urinary system
what is pyelonephritis a UTI involving the kidneys
What is Non Hodgkin's disease (Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma) A type of cancer that originates in the Lymphatic system
What is the main purpose of the lymphatic system to fight diseases
where do non-hodgkin's tumors usually develop white bloods cells called "lymphocytes"
(T/F) Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma and Hodgkins Lymphoma are the same thing false
what is the most common type of lymphoma? non-hodgkins
list the symptoms of non-hodgkins lymphoma swollen lymph nodes in back, armpits and groin (that are painless); abdominal pain or swelling, chest pain; coughing; trouble breathing; fatigue; fever; night sweats; weight loss
what is the physiology of Non-hodgkins lymphoma when your body produces too many lymphocytes; the oversupply of white blood cells collect in lymph nodes; which begin to swell as a result
what are B-Cell Lymphocytes white blood cells that neutralize foreign invaders by producing antibodies
the most common form of non-Hodgkins arise from what type of Lyphocyte B-Cells
list the sub-types of Non-Hodgkins that involve B-Cells diffuse Large B-Cell lymphoma; follicular lymphoma; mantel cell lymphoma; Burkitt lymphoma
what are T-Cell Lymphocytes white blood cells that have direct contact with foreign invaders, and kill them directly
list the sub-types of Non-Hodgkins lymphoma that involve T-Cells peripheral T-Cell lymphoma; cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Non-hodgkins is generally found where lymph nodes
non-hodgkins can be spread to what other common areas of your body lymphatic vessels; tonsils; aneoids; spleen; thymus; bone marrow
list some causes of non-hodgkins lymphoma medications that suppress the immunesystem (sometimes taken by pts after organ transplants); certain viral and bacterial infections; certain chemicals; Age
what types of viral infections could cause non-hodgkins HIV and Epstein-Barr
name some bacteria that is linked to non-hodgkins ulcer causing helicobacter pylori
at what age is non-hodgkins common 60's or older
what is the glascow coma score (gcs) it gives a numerical value to a patient's level of conceousness
what are the three categories of the GCS (Glascow Coma Score) Eyes, Verbal, and motor
what is an arterial bifurcation when there is a fork in the road; an artery divides into two separate vessels
what is a saddle embolus a large blood clot (Thrombus/embolus) straddles an aterial bifurcation.
what is sclerotherapy an effective treatment for varicose and spider veins
what are the temporary side-effects of sclerotherapy bruising, raised red areas, small skin sores,darkened skin in the form of lines or spots, multiple tiny red blood vessles
what are some side-effects of sclerotherapy that might require treatment inflammation; blood clotting; air bubbles; allergic reaction
what is the physiology of sclerotherapy the doctor injects patient's vein with a solution; causing the vein to swell shut and become necrotic; eventually it becomes scar tissue and dissolves
the superior vena cava collects blood from what structures of the human body head and arms
what is persistant superior vena cava syndrome when there is "persistent" impeded blood flow to the heart by the superior vena cava
what might cause persistent superior vena cava syndrome a blood clot/thrombus or the superior vena cava is compressed by outside forces
what is a secondary result of persistent vena cava syndrome edema in the face/head and Upper extremeties
what might be some long term signs and symptoms of Persistent Superior Vena Cava Syndrome SOB; swelling of chest up; dialation of veins and skin; cyanosis; cough; CP; hoarseness
why is brugada syndrome often go undiagnosed because it has no noticeable symptomes
what is the most important symptom/way to detect brugada syndrome an EKG
if symptoms do occur with Brugada syndrome; what could they include syncope, palpations, irregular heart beats, suddenly fast and chaotic heart beat or sudden cardiac arrest
Created by: kandriot