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Behavioral Mod. 3

TermDefinition
Physical guidance The guidance of the performance of a behavior using constant and continuous physical contact (see also manual guidance)
Physical prompt Any form of physical contact between the trainer and the student that is presented to cue the performance of a particular response
Physical restraint A procedure in which the student is prevented from moving his limbs and/or body (there are two types: behavioral and custodial)
Positive reinforcement The delivery of a positive reinforcer contingent upon a response of behavior
Positive reinforcer A stimulus that, when presented as a consequence of a behavior, results in an increase or maintenance of that behavior
Premack principle A procedure in which behavior the student performs frequently is used to reinforce a behavior the student seldom performs
Prompt An auxiliary discriminative stimulus that is presented to cue the student to perform a specified behavior. Prompts are usually faded before the terminal behavior has been achieved. There are three types of prompts: verbal, gestural, and physical
Punisher Any event that decreases the future probability of the response it follows. It is also called a punishing consequence
Punishment A procedure that decreases the future probability of a behavior
Ratio schedule of reinforcement A reinforcement schedule based on the number of responses that are performed. There are two kinds of ratio schedules: fixed ration and variable ration
Reinforcement A procedure that maintains or increases the future probability of a behavior
Reinforcer Any event that maintains or increases the future probability of the response it follows. It is also called a reinforcing consequence
Rumination regurgitates (vomits either chews and re-swallows the vomitu, expels from mouth.life threatening when the food is expelled may lose vital nutrients non-life threatening vomitus re-swallowed.generally considered a form of self stimulation
Satiation The state that occurs when a reinforcer has been presented to the point that it is no longer effective in increasing or maintaining a behavior. It is the opposite of deprivation
Schedule of reinforcement A description of when a reinforcer is to be delivered. It is also called reinforcement schedule
Sensory reinforcer Any sensations that the student likes or enjoys. Sensory reinforcers include: tactile, vibratory, olfactory, visual, and auditory reinforcers
Shadowing graduated guidance procedure amount of physical guidance has been faded to the point that the trainer has no physical contact with the student, but is prepared to reapply full or partial graduated guidance should the behavior slow down or stop
Shaping The reinforcement of successive approximations of a target behavior to procedure a behavior that is currently not in the students behavioral repertoire
Social reinforcer A smile praise, attention, or friendly remarks that the student likes or enjoys
Spontaneous recovery The reappearance of a behavior that had been eliminated by means of an extinction process
Created by: jervang91 on 2014-06-24



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