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Purple Module

Purple Module Sensory Review

equilibrium A state of balance.
Eustachian tube A tube which connects the nose and throat.
glaucoma Accumulation of aqueous humor in the eye.
ametropia An error in refraction.
accommodation Clearness or sharpness of a sensory function.
anacusis Complete deafness.
strabismus Condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other or out of synchrony.
otoplasty Corrective surgery for a deformed pinna.
blepharoplasty Cosmetic surgery removing fatty tissue above and below the eyes.
astigmatism Defective curvature of the pupil.
otopyorrhea Discharge of pus from the ear.
otalgia Ear pain.
cerumen Ear wax.
fluorescein angiography Evaluation of blood vessels and their leadkage in and beneath the retina.
iridectomy Excision of the iris.
hyperopia Farsightedness.
dacryorrhea Flow of tears.
nyctalopia Impaired vision in dim light aka. nightblindness.
radial keratotomy Incision of the cornea for treatment of nearsightedness.
otitis externa Infection of the external auditory canal.
otitis media Inflammation of the middle ear.
amblyopia Lazy eye syndrome.
presbyopia Loss of accommodation associated with the aging process.
anosmia Loss of sense of smell.
audiometry Measurement of hearing acuity.
phacoemulsification Method of treating cataracts that disintegrates a cloudy lens, and is then aspirated and removed.
optometrist One who specializes in eye measurements.
cataracts Opacities on the lens.
tinnitus Perception of ringing, hissing or other sounds in the ears.
olfactory Pertaining to smell.
blepharoptosis Prolapse of the eyelid.
tympanoplasty Reconstruction of the eardrum.
achromatopsia Severe congenital deficiency in colour perception.
incus Shaped like an anvil.
malleus Shaped like a hammer.
stapes Shaped like stirrups.
ear canal Slender tube through which sound waves trael to the middle ear.
chalazion Small, hard tumor on the eyelid.
cochlea Snail-shaped inner ear structure, first structure of the inner ear.
hordeolum Stye.
gustation Taste.
cornea The clear, transparent portion of the sclera.
sclera The white of the eye.
antiemetics Treat and prevent nausea, vomiting, dizziness and vertigo.
nystagmus Type of involuntary eye movements.
photophobia Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light.
metamorphopsia Visual distortion of objects.
Describe aqueous humor. Found in posterior and anterior chamber, Provides nourishment for lens and cornea, Produced by ciliary body, Drains from eye through canal of Schlemm.
Describe cones. Functions in bright light. Visual receptors producing colour vision.
Describe rods. Functions in dim lights. Visual receptors producing black and white vision.
Describe conjunctiva. Lines the inner surface of the eyelid and covers the outer surface of the eye.
Describe fovea. The center of the macula, Composed of only cones, very close together, it produces the greatest acuity.
Describe pupil. The perforated center of the iris, Regulates the amount of light passing through the pupil to the interior of the eye.
Describe the vestibular system. Controls balance and eye movement, Consists of semicircular canals and vestibule.
Describe the vitreous humor. A jelly-like substance that fills the interior of the eye.
What are the functions of the ear? Hearing and equilibrium, Sensor receptor organ.
What are the 3 tunics of the eye? Fibrous tunic Vascular tunic Sensory tunic
What is an otolaryngologist? Doctor who treats ear, nose and throat disorders.
What are the specific sensations? Hearing vision equilibrium smell taste
What is macular degeneration? Deterioration of the macula.
What is otosclerosis? Hardening of the bones in the middle ear.
Where are the ossicles located? Within the tympanic cavity.
Acc accommodation
ARMD, AMD age-related macular degeneration
Ast astigmatism
ENG electonystagmography
IOL interocular lens
IOP interocular pressure
LASIK lazer-assisted in sita keratomileusis
AC air conduction
BC bone construction
ENT ear, nose and throat
NIHL noise induced hearing loss
RK radial keratotomy
O.D. doctor of Optometry
SLE slit-lamp examination
ST estropia
VA visual acuity
VF visual field
XT extropia
OM otitis media
PE pressure equalizing tube
URI upper respiratory infection
mydriatics Drugs that dilate the pupils.
semicircular canals Responsible for balance.
Created by: Barbara Ross